Zechariah 6:9-15 Rebuild the Temple
Posted by adventbiblestudy on March 24, 2016
Zechariah 6:9-15 Rebuild the Temple
Zechariah 6:9-15 NLTse Then I received another message from the LORD: (10) “Heldai, Tobijah, and Jedaiah will bring gifts of silver and gold from the Jews exiled in Babylon. As soon as they arrive, meet them at the home of Josiah son of Zephaniah. (11) Accept their gifts, and make a crown from the silver and gold. Then put the crown on the head of Jeshua son of Jehozadak, the high priest. (12) Tell him, ‘This is what the LORD of Heaven’s Armies says: Here is the man called the Branch. He will branch out from where he is and build the Temple of the LORD. (13) Yes, he will build the Temple of the LORD. Then he will receive royal honor and will rule as king from his throne. He will also serve as priest from his throne, and there will be perfect harmony between his two roles.’ (14) “The crown will be a memorial in the Temple of the LORD to honor those who gave it–Heldai, Tobijah, Jedaiah, and Josiah son of Zephaniah.” (15) People will come from distant lands to rebuild the Temple of the LORD. And when this happens, you will know that my messages have been from the LORD of Heaven’s Armies. All this will happen if you carefully obey what the LORD your God says.
Its not hard to see this prophecy relates to building up a spiritual temple. You would think the fulfillment is explained by describing the spiritual temple is made up of Jesus’ followers. But the chapter has to agree with the introduction to Zechariah 6. In the first part of this prophecy, we see three men bringing gold and silver from Babylon to make a crown for Jeshua. In the last study we saw Jeshua was the high priest, and a symbol pointing to Christ. Ezra tells us Jeshua was one of the leaders who left Babylon to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem. The workers at the Temple of God were supervised by Jeshua with his sons and relatives, and Kadmiel and his sons, all descendants of Hodaviah. They were helped in this task by the Levites of the family of Henadad. (Ezra 3:9 NLTse). This may make one think the prophecy points to the rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem. But the next verse jumped forward in time to Christ. Here is the man called the Branch. He will branch out from where he is and build the Temple of the LORD. So you may think the prophecy points to a particular event in Jesus’ ministry. The very next sentence pointed even further. Yes, he will build the Temple of the LORD. Then he will receive royal honor and will rule as king from his throne. Some people may think this pointed to the disciples ministry after Jesus’ resurrection. But Jesus is crowned King after He completes the judgment process. So why does this prophecy seem to cover so many points in time? Most people will think something like this is normal in the Bible. So they take out one little sentence and explain it in their own words, move onto the next, explain that, and so on and so forth. Some people use prophecies like this one to justify their simple form of study referred to in this world as proof texts. But does God scatter around His Words like seeds hoping one or two will sprout while the rest are left to the mercy of birds, thrones, and the sun? We have to give God more credit than that. We have to learn to look deeper into the prophecy to find the consistency God placed there. Man many be happy thinking he creates the consistency, but when we find God’s consistency, we uncover secrets lying below the surface hidden for generations.
We’ve seen this same pattern in the study, Isaiah 60:1-16, Let Your Light Shine, which contained a prophecy which seemed to span generations. In that study we were shown a new method of study in which the introduction of the chapter containing the prophecy mirrored the summation of the chapter containing the fulfillment. It seemed God turned things upside down. That was another prophecy waiting to be fulfilled. It seems orders are reversed when we deal with prophecies that will be fulfilled after the great judgment. Why would God decide to turn things around? Maybe it’s not God. Maybe it’s us who are looking at the fulfillment of prophecy upside down and in the wrong order.
Since this prophecy has so much to do with time, and we know understanding God’s timing is one of the most difficult theories to understand, let’s take a look at the world’s view of time and compare it to God’s concept of time. We wake up in the morning to begin our day of work. We work all day and call it the end of a day in the evening. But God looks at a day in opposite terms of what the world teaches. God’s day begins in the evening. And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day. (Genesis 1:5 KJV).
This prophecy also deals with worship. But the world’s concept of worship is quite the opposite of what God teaches. People go to church where a finely dressed choir raises their voices to Heaven. Everyone looks up at the brilliant stained glass windows adorning the walls. The ceiling of the church reaches upward drawing people’s attention up to Heaven. Prayers are sent up to Heaven. People look up at a preacher perched high on the podium designed to draw all eyes upward. The preacher’s prays to send his words upward so they will reflect down to reach the ears of the people. Everything in churches is designed to draw people’s attention up. Why are churches designed that way? Jesus explained how to worship. Two men went up into the temple to pray; the one a Pharisee, and the other a publican. The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men are, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican. I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess. And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner. I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted. (Luke 18:10-14 KJV).
One man looked up to Heaven and lifted himself up to God, much like church services are designed to do today. The other man would not look up to Heaven, but humbled himself, confessed his sins, and pleaded with God. The Pharisee represents church services today. The other represents the close, personal, one on one relationship, and worship Jesus is looking for. Is He finding it?
The last study also taught us how to look at names to see what they add to the study. The same is true in this case. In this prophecy we see three names. Look at what we find when we pay attention to the unexpected. Those details the world misses.
Heldai H4480 Þà Þà Þ min minni^y minne^y min, min-nee’, min-nay’
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses: – above, after, among, at, because of, by (reason of), from (among), in, X neither, X nor, (out) of, over, since, X then, through, X whether, with.
Tobijah H2900 ØÕÑÙ ØÕÑ t#o^bi^ya^h t#o^bi^ya^hu^ to-bee-yaw’, to-bee-yaw’-hoo
From H2896 and H3050; goodness of Jehovah; Tobijah, the name of three Israelites and of one Samaritan: – Tobiah, Tobijah.
Jedaiah H3048 ÙÓâ yedaya^h yed-ah-yaw’
From H3045 and H3050; Jah has known; Jedajah, the name of two Israelites: – Jedaiah.
When we combine the meanings of the three names, we see they contain a specific message related to the lesson in this prophecy. After the goodness of Jehovah is (has) known. How does this relate to the prophecy? We can’t see it yet. The hidden lesson says, “after.” Here again we’re faced with a choice. We can follow the course the world follows, or we can learn from scripture to see what goodness from Jehovah this lesson has in store for us. Solomon had a taste of that knowledge. Look how he summed up the first Proverb.
“How long, you simpletons, will you insist on being simpleminded? How long will you mockers relish your mocking? How long will you fools hate knowledge? Come and listen to my counsel. I’ll share my heart with you and make you wise. “I called you so often, but you wouldn’t come. I reached out to you, but you paid no attention. You ignored my advice and rejected the correction I offered. So I will laugh when you are in trouble! I will mock you when disaster overtakes you– when calamity overtakes you like a storm, when disaster engulfs you like a cyclone, and anguish and distress overwhelm you. “When they cry for help, I will not answer. Though they anxiously search for me, they will not find me. For they hated knowledge and chose not to fear the LORD. They rejected my advice and paid no attention when I corrected them. Therefore, they must eat the bitter fruit of living their own way, choking on their own schemes. For simpletons turn away from me–to death. Fools are destroyed by their own complacency. But all who listen to me will live in peace, untroubled by fear of harm.” (Proverbs 1:22-33 NLTse).
One of the chapters this prophecy leads us to is Hebrews 6. Zechariah 6:9-15 deals with rebuilding the temple during different periods of time. Hebrews 6:19-20 focus on one event when Jesus entered into the Most Holy located in the inner Sanctuary. It is the beginning of a new step in the process. Hebrews 6 showed us another series of lessons over a period of time. It begins with an oath or promise given to Abraham. First Abraham was given the promise. Then Abraham waited patiently, and he received what God had promised. Hebrews jumped ahead to the time it was written. Now when people take an oath, they call on someone greater than themselves to hold them to it. And without any question that oath is binding. Hebrews repeated those key words oath and binding to show how important they are, because that promise exists over many generations. Therefore, we who have fled to him for refuge can have great confidence as we hold to the hope that lies before us. Hebrews also pointed to the future. We now have two details which seem unrelated to the world, but God provided a common bond between them. God’s promise and oath and the rebuilding of the temple extend over long periods of time. God also bound himself with an oath, so that those who received the promise could be perfectly sure that he would never change his mind. Neither has the design of the Sanctuary been changed. That is why the Tabernacle and everything in it, which were copies of things in heaven, had to be purified by the blood of animals. But the real things in heaven had to be purified with far better sacrifices than the blood of animals. For Christ did not enter into a holy place made with human hands, which was only a copy of the true one in heaven. He entered into heaven itself to appear now before God on our behalf. (Hebrews 9:23-24 NLTse).
Hebrews 6:13-20 NLTse For example, there was God’s promise to Abraham. Since there was no one greater to swear by, God took an oath in his own name, saying: (14) “I will certainly bless you, and I will multiply your descendants beyond number.” (15) Then Abraham waited patiently, and he received what God had promised. (16) Now when people take an oath, they call on someone greater than themselves to hold them to it. And without any question that oath is binding. (17) God also bound himself with an oath, so that those who received the promise could be perfectly sure that he would never change his mind. (18) So God has given both his promise and his oath. These two things are unchangeable because it is impossible for God to lie. Therefore, we who have fled to him for refuge can have great confidence as we hold to the hope that lies before us. (19) This hope is a strong and trustworthy anchor for our souls. It leads us through the curtain into God’s inner sanctuary. (20) Jesus has already gone in there for us. He has become our eternal High Priest in the order of Melchizedek.
The spiritual rebuilding of the Temple could not take place on earth. It can only take in the Heavenly Sanctuary where Christ returned to minister. That is why this world cannot understand God’s plan of salvation. They have been trained by self proclaimed spiritualists to look at the world for answers. Spiritualism has a grip on this world it cannot see because it hides behind a cloak. It is camouflaged like a leopard, blending into the back ground. People don’t see themselves practicing spiritualism because they don’t see themselves relying on their inner being. Spiritualism has many forms. Most people are familiar with two forms. The first is easy to see. Spiritualist claim to talk to the dead. The Bible tells us, The living at least know they will die, but the dead know nothing. They have no further reward, nor are they remembered. (Ecclesiastes 9:5 NLTse). When the Bible tells us the dead know nothing and the world tells us the dead are living in Heaven with God and they claim to have the power to contact them, who should be believe? Let’s check the context of Ecclesiastes 9.
This, too, I carefully explored: Even though the actions of godly and wise people are in God’s hands, no one knows whether God will show them favor. Better to have wisdom than weapons of war, but one sinner can destroy much that is good. (Ecclesiastes 9:1, 18 NLTse). Ecclesiastes 9 teaches us about that spiritual battle all around us. When God tells us the dead know nothing, He is telling us not to listen to them. The world tells us just the opposite. Lessons on that spiritual battle continue in the Psalms.
For the dead do not remember you. Who can praise you from the grave? (Psalms 6:5 NLTse). The dead not only don’t know a thing, they don’t have a memory or the ability to praise God. So why do people claim they learn how to praise God from dead people? Where is that information coming from. Once again, we see the evidence of that spiritual battle when we check the context of Psalms 6.
O LORD, don’t rebuke me in your anger or discipline me in your rage. May all my enemies be disgraced and terrified. May they suddenly turn back in shame.(Psalms 6:1, 10 NLTse). Other Psalms repeat the same lesson.
Are your wonderful deeds of any use to the dead? Do the dead rise up and praise you? Can those in the grave declare your unfailing love? Can they proclaim your faithfulness in the place of destruction? Can the darkness speak of your wonderful deeds? Can anyone in the land of forgetfulness talk about your righteousness? “What will you gain if I die, if I sink into the grave? Can my dust praise you? Can it tell of your faithfulness?” The dead cannot sing praises to the LORD, for they have gone into the silence of the grave. (Psalms 88:10-12, 30:9, 115:17 NLTse).
Speaking to the dead is not as popular today as it was in the past. Only a small number of people use that from of spiritualism, which is easy to detect. Another from of spiritualism, usually adopted from eastern teachings deals with self reliance, contacting ones inner self. It is a popular belief widely accepted by western cultures under the disguise of theories like looking out for number one. It became so popular, churches began adopting different forms of this philosophy to capture they vast numbers of people flocking to this new age movement which promised prosperity. Churches us this philosophy behind the scenes to control those large groups of people they attract. It would be too easy to see spiritualism if they taught people to rely on their inner being. So the enemy described in Psalms, placed it a step further down where fewer people are able to recognize it. Church boards and leaders adopted that eastern from of spiritualism called self reliance. They rely on themselves to come up with answers. They search for an answer to solve a multitude of problems. They search for one method of teaching to reach masses. They rely on themselves to create rules pleasing to most people. They create interpretations to prophecies designed to scare the stuffing out of people. Look at those prophecies they claim are real. Those religious leaders have no fear of claiming the interpretations came from the world. This country fits this symbol. That country explains that symbol. They provide interpretations to scripture and symbols with physical evidence taken from the world and offer no other proof than to ask people to trust in their self proclaimed wisdom. That is spiritualism at its worse. Modern spiritualists rely on themselves and world events to interpret the Bible and teach people to rely on them. That’s why people can’t see the from of spiritualism running wild in churches today. Spiritualist teach people to rely only on things they can see, touch, and hear. That’s why people have forgotten how to rely on God’s Spirit and cannot see the spiritual lessons in God’s Word.
The prophecy in Zechariah 6 tells us about the rebuilding of the Temple over a period of time. Hebrews 6 tells us about Jesus’ ministry in the Heavenly Sanctuary when He enters into the Most Holy. Hebrews explains why Jesus entered into the Most Holy. He has become our eternal High Priest in the order of Melchizedek. That is one reason. There are other details to learn. Jesus replaced the Levitical priesthood. This new system was established with a solemn oath. Aaron’s descendants became priests without such an oath, but there was an oath regarding Jesus. For God said to him, “The LORD has taken an oath and will not break his vow: ‘You are a priest forever.'” Because of this oath, Jesus is the one who guarantees this better covenant with God. (Hebrews 7:20-22 NLTse). Hebrews also explained why Jesus replaced to old form of priesthood. Unlike those other high priests, he does not need to offer sacrifices every day. They did this for their own sins first and then for the sins of the people. But Jesus did this once for all when he offered himself as the sacrifice for the people’s sins. The law appointed high priests who were limited by human weakness. But after the law was given, God appointed his Son with an oath, and his Son has been made the perfect High Priest forever. (Hebrews 7:27-28 NLTse).
Jesus entered the Most Holy to take His position as High Priest. As High Priest, Jesus is able to offer Himself as the perfect sacrifice for our sins. It sounds simple doesn’t it? It always is when we allow scripture to explain scripture. Not only was the Temple rebuilt, but the system within it. Not rebuild on worldly terms, but spiritual terms all of us can understand. The earthly forms of sacrifice along with the worldly way of understanding has passed away. Now we look to Heaven for the answers. Jesus not only entered the Most Holy but opened a direct path for us to God’s throne. And the Holy Spirit also testifies that this is so. For he says, “This is the new covenant I will make with my people on that day, says the LORD: I will put my laws in their hearts, and I will write them on their minds.” Then he says, “I will never again remember their sins and lawless deeds.” And when sins have been forgiven, there is no need to offer any more sacrifices. And so, dear brothers and sisters, we can boldly enter heaven’s Most Holy Place because of the blood of Jesus. By his death, Jesus opened a new and life-giving way through the curtain into the Most Holy Place. And since we have a great High Priest who rules over God’s house, let us go right into the presence of God with sincere hearts fully trusting him. For our guilty consciences have been sprinkled with Christ’s blood to make us clean, and our bodies have been washed with pure water. Let us hold tightly without wavering to the hope we affirm, for God can be trusted to keep his promise. Let us think of ways to motivate one another to acts of love and good works. And let us not neglect our meeting together, as some people do, but encourage one another, especially now that the day of his return is drawing near. (Hebrews 10:15-25 NLTse).
There is a relationship between the remission or forgiveness of sin and a direct connection with God. I can’t explain it. No teacher in this world can explain that relationship between the forgiveness we receive from Jesus and the direct path to God’s throne He opened for us, other than what we’ve been shown in God’s Word. Jesus died for both of them. By his death, Jesus opened a new and life-giving way through the curtain into the Most Holy Place. The only thing we can determine based on the details we’ve been given is, Jesus’ blood cleanses us so we are able to approach God’s throne. To find out more about that connection, you’ll have to claim that promise, along with the blood Jesus shed for you, and approach God’s throne on your own.
That’s why you’ll never see anyone in corporate worship approach God’s throne. That’s because they’ll have to confess each sin before claiming Jesus’ blood to cleanse them. They cannot approach God’s throne until they are cleansed. Who do you know is willing to publicly confess each sin so they can approach God’s throne in public? No one I know. But that should not stop them from teaching you Hebrews 10. As a matter of fact, Hebrews 10 directs us to teach people. Let us think of ways to motivate one another to acts of love and good works. And let us not neglect our meeting together, as some people do, but encourage one another, especially now that the day of his return is drawing near. We’re supposed to meet together to motivate one another so each of us knows why Jesus shed His blood and each of us knows how to boldly approach God’s throne. This is not a matter only discussed in board rooms or reserved for specially educated people. This is a right Jesus died for that everyone needs to learn. This is a part of the rebuilding process in the Heavenly Sanctuary. Paul told us God’s Spiritual house is for all of us. Together, we are his house, built on the foundation of the apostles and the prophets. And the cornerstone is Christ Jesus himself. We are carefully joined together in him, becoming a holy temple for the Lord. Through him you Gentiles are also being made part of this dwelling where God lives by his Spirit. (Ephesians 2:20-22 NLTse).
Those three names in Zechariah 6 lead us in the right direction. We have to learn from God. If there is any doubt, look at the introductions to the two chapters and ask questions. Pray, have Jesus’ blood cleanse you, approach God’s throne and ask Him.
Zechariah 6:1-8 NLTse Then I looked up again and saw four chariots coming from between two bronze mountains. (2) The first chariot was pulled by red horses, the second by black horses, (3) the third by white horses, and the fourth by powerful dappled-gray horses. (4) “And what are these, my lord?” I asked the angel who was talking with me. (5) The angel replied, “These are the four spirits of heaven who stand before the Lord of all the earth. They are going out to do his work. (6) The chariot with black horses is going north, the chariot with white horses is going west, and the chariot with dappled-gray horses is going south.” (7) The powerful horses were eager to set out to patrol the earth. And the LORD said, “Go and patrol the earth!” So they left at once on their patrol. (8) Then the LORD summoned me and said, “Look, those who went north have vented the anger of my Spirit there in the land of the north.”
I had to pray about Zechariah 6:1-8 for a few days before I was ready to hear what it means. The world has a hundred interpretations on Zechariah 6:1-8. They look at the symbols of the chariots and horses and look for something in the world to explain their spiritual meaning. By doing so, they misinterpret their spiritual meaning and completely miss the lesson. Zechariah did the only smart thing he could do. He asked the angel who came from Heaven. The angel replied, “These are the four spirits of heaven who stand before the Lord of all the earth. They are going out to do his work.” You have to ask what work they are going to do. The angel told Zechariah those chariots and horses will go out in all four directions. We can see they are going through the whole world. What are they doing? The powerful horses were eager to set out to patrol the earth. And the LORD said, “Go and patrol the earth!” So they left at once on their patrol. What does it mean to patrol? Remember, we are in a spiritual battle. When a commander sends people out on patrol, they don’t confront the enemy. Their roll is to remain unseen. Get it? How can those symbols represent anything in this world we can see, hear, and touch if they God them to go out and patrol? The original Hebrew word has a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively. The main thought is to walk and carry a message. What is that message?
The only hint Zechariah gave us is in the last sentence. Then the LORD summoned me and said, “Look, those who went north have vented the anger of my Spirit there in the land of the north.” When we look at the spiritual meaning of north we see why God’s anger is vented in only one direction. “How you are fallen from heaven, O shining star, son of the morning! You have been thrown down to the earth, you who destroyed the nations of the world. For you said to yourself, ‘I will ascend to heaven and set my throne above God’s stars. I will preside on the mountain of the gods far away in the north. I will climb to the highest heavens and be like the Most High.'” (Isaiah 14:12-14 NLTse). Satan claims the north as his throne. Whatever message God’s Chariots and horses are carrying is not going to be accepted in the north. How do we find what that message is? Since we are working on parallel chapters, one with a prophecy, the other with its fulfillment, the introduction to Hebrews 6 would be the most logical place to look.
Hebrews 6:1-12 NLTse So let us stop going over the basic teachings about Christ again and again. Let us go on instead and become mature in our understanding. Surely we don’t need to start again with the fundamental importance of repenting from evil deeds and placing our faith in God. (2) You don’t need further instruction about baptisms, the laying on of hands, the resurrection of the dead, and eternal judgment. (3) And so, God willing, we will move forward to further understanding. (4) For it is impossible to bring back to repentance those who were once enlightened–those who have experienced the good things of heaven and shared in the Holy Spirit, (5) who have tasted the goodness of the word of God and the power of the age to come– (6) and who then turn away from God. It is impossible to bring such people back to repentance; by rejecting the Son of God, they themselves are nailing him to the cross once again and holding him up to public shame. (7) When the ground soaks up the falling rain and bears a good crop for the farmer, it has God’s blessing. (8) But if a field bears thorns and thistles, it is useless. The farmer will soon condemn that field and burn it. (9) Dear friends, even though we are talking this way, we really don’t believe it applies to you. We are confident that you are meant for better things, things that come with salvation. (10) For God is not unjust. He will not forget how hard you have worked for him and how you have shown your love to him by caring for other believers, as you still do. (11) Our great desire is that you will keep on loving others as long as life lasts, in order to make certain that what you hope for will come true. (12) Then you will not become spiritually dull and indifferent. Instead, you will follow the example of those who are going to inherit God’s promises because of their faith and endurance.
We can see the message in the key words. Teaching, understanding, instruction, and enlightened explain the basics. Hebrews fills in some of the details with other key words. We need to mature and move forward in the power of the age to come. Hebrews tells us to move on from the basic teachings about Christ. Hebrews 6 tells us to get off the same subjects we hear preached time and time again like some kind of repetitious prayer which avails nothing. God looks at that kind of teaching as if it were nailing him to the cross once again and holding him up to public shame.
Now that we know the message is new and where to get that message from, directly from God’s throne, we know what those symbolic chariots and horses are looking for, people willing to learn. Are you one of them? How many people do you think they’ll find? Look back at a few other stories when God searched the world for people to learn. It began with Adam and Eve. We saw the first results with their first two sons. Cain the oldest killed Able the younger. There was one left, and Cain was not willing to learn. Moses could only find eight people, including himself to learn the message he was given to preach. In Sodom, those angels could only find four people. One short of saving the city. The trend continued. When Jesus was born, only two prophets knew the Messiah was born and where to find Him. When Jesus died, it seemed no one understand His ministry or why He had to die on that cross. This world just doesn’t want to listen. How many people do you think those chariots and horses are going to find who are ready, willing, and able to learn? How many are going to fall victim to that power from the north? There are a lot of questions to ask when you approach God’s throne.
There is another chapter with some interesting details you can study on your own. Are you willing to approach God’s throne to ask about it? Do you have an angel standing next to you waiting to explain details? Or are you stuck on the same old way of doing things? Are you comfortable learning from one of those spiritualists? The choice is yours which side of the spiritual battle you are going to serve on.
Hebrews 8:1-6 NLTse Here is the main point: We have a High Priest who sat down in the place of honor beside the throne of the majestic God in heaven. (2) There he ministers in the heavenly Tabernacle, the true place of worship that was built by the Lord and not by human hands. (3) And since every high priest is required to offer gifts and sacrifices, our High Priest must make an offering, too. (4) If he were here on earth, he would not even be a priest, since there already are priests who offer the gifts required by the law. (5) They serve in a system of worship that is only a copy, a shadow of the real one in heaven. For when Moses was getting ready to build the Tabernacle, God gave him this warning: “Be sure that you make everything according to the pattern I have shown you here on the mountain.” (6) But now Jesus, our High Priest, has been given a ministry that is far superior to the old priesthood, for he is the one who mediates for us a far better covenant with God, based on better promises.
Hebrews 8:7-13 NLTse If the first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no need for a second covenant to replace it. (8) But when God found fault with the people, he said: “The day is coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel and Judah. (9) This covenant will not be like the one I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand and led them out of the land of Egypt. They did not remain faithful to my covenant, so I turned my back on them, says the LORD. (10) But this is the new covenant I will make with the people of Israel on that day, says the LORD: I will put my laws in their minds, and I will write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. (11) And they will not need to teach their neighbors, nor will they need to teach their relatives, saying, ‘You should know the LORD.’ For everyone, from the least to the greatest, will know me already. (12) And I will forgive their wickedness, and I will never again remember their sins.” (13) When God speaks of a “new” covenant, it means he has made the first one obsolete. It is now out of date and will soon disappear.