Psalms 16:7-11 The Lord Guides Me
Posted by adventbiblestudy on March 16, 2016
Psalms 16:7-11 The Lord Guides Me
Psalms 16:7-11 NLTse I will bless the LORD who guides me; even at night my heart instructs me. (8) I know the LORD is always with me. I will not be shaken, for he is right beside me. (9) No wonder my heart is glad, and I rejoice. My body rests in safety. (10) For you will not leave my soul among the dead or allow your holy one to rot in the grave. (11) You will show me the way of life, granting me the joy of your presence and the pleasures of living with you forever.
As usual, God and His Word is leading us into a new lesson in Bible Study. When we look back we see how God led us from one lesson, or study rule to another. Prophecies in Genesis showed us how to search for texts in the New Testament showing its fulfillment. Not all texts were found using the same method, but God’s Word showed us all the search methods we’ll have to use when studying His Word. Next the prophecies showed a glimpse or overview of God’s plan of salvation by showing how and why God chose the Levites as His sons and made them priests. Of course God showed us the responsibilities He gave them, and how they were supposed to act in God’s service. Then the prophecies showed how the priests actually acted when they met Jesus the Messiah. It never seemed like God was enough for Israel. We see the message in Exodus when Israel waited for Moses at the base of God’s mountain when they formed their own image of a false god. Next Samuel was not enough for Israel, and neither was God, so they asked for a king. The prophecies showed how kings in Israel made mistakes, forgot God at times, and misled the people. Saul was given the gift of prophecy, but never used it. David had to earn the gift of prophecy and how to use it. David was given more prophecies about Jesus than any other other writer in the Bible, but could he understand their fulfillment? How do we understand what God is teaching us now? This prophecy takes us to a new level of study, based on the fact it is quoted in the New Testament. When it was quoted has a number of spiritual ramifications.
Acts 2:25-31 NLTse King David said this about him: ‘I see that the LORD is always with me. I will not be shaken, for he is right beside me. (26) No wonder my heart is glad, and my tongue shouts his praises! My body rests in hope. (27) For you will not leave my soul among the dead or allow your Holy One to rot in the grave. (28) You have shown me the way of life, and you will fill me with the joy of your presence.’ (29) “Dear brothers, think about this! You can be sure that the patriarch David wasn’t referring to himself, for he died and was buried, and his tomb is still here among us. (30) But he was a prophet, and he knew God had promised with an oath that one of David’s own descendants would sit on his throne. (31) David was looking into the future and speaking of the Messiah’s resurrection. He was saying that God would not leave him among the dead or allow his body to rot in the grave.
Here we will see Peter quoting on Old Testament text. Paul quoted hundreds of Old Testament texts in the letters he wrote. This quote happens to be a prophecy David recorded. It’s easy to find the fulfillment of the prophecy in Psalms 16:7-11 because Peter does such a good job of quoting it. Peter not only quotes the prophecy, he explains how it’s fulfilled. This is one of the first examples of a prophecy being quoted in the New Testament. Since this is a new lesson, it’s no surprise God helps us along by providing the interpretation. It seems like an easy lesson, but we still need to test both chapters by comparing the introductions and summations. First we need a review of the subject texts itself and the explanation of its fulfillment in Acts 2.
When the key words are highlighted we see three groups. David can see how God is guiding and instructing him. That’s a great point to see when learning how to study the Bible and adds a bit of excitement to the process. Imagine finally being able to see and understand some of the things God showed David and tried to reach him with. It’s no wonder previous lessons showed us some of David’s mistakes. We also see David’s confidence in God. He knows God will always be beside him. This is an important detail to remember. There’s no doubt you’ll see a lot of support and opposition as you share what you’ve learned. One thing I’ve learned from experience is, the more you know about the Bible, the more you’ll seek people at the same level, or with more knowledge. They will be difficult to locate, but be assured, God will send them. The third group of words are contrasts, dead and grave compared to live and living. David’s prayer is about finding eternal life and living with God forever. It seems strange to contrast death with living with God forever. As we’ve seen in other studies – when we see something strange, it’s time to pay attention to details. Some of those details are explained by Peter. “Dear brothers, think about this! You can be sure that the patriarch David wasn’t referring to himself, for he died and was buried, and his tomb is still here among us. But he was a prophet, and he knew God had promised with an oath that one of David’s own descendants would sit on his throne. David was looking into the future and speaking of the Messiah’s resurrection. He was saying that God would not leave him among the dead or allow his body to rot in the grave.”
It’s nice to see a prophecy so clearly explained. Why do you think God chose such a time to reveal such plain detail in a lesson no one can deny or argue with? What do you think it means? If God reveals one prophecy so clearly, why would He make others difficult to figure out? If you knew God and His timing, you’d know, all the answers are in His Bible – it’s just a matter of time before God flips the switch and thousands all over the world will say, “I never say that before.” Does the lesson only apply to the prophecies about Jesus, or all prophecies? When you think of it, aren’t all the prophecies about Jesus? When you put them into context you’ll be surprised. Now to look at the context to find out how these two chapters are parallel chapters.
Psalms 16:1-6 NLTse Keep me safe, O God, for I have come to you for refuge. (2) I said to the LORD, “You are my Master! Every good thing I have comes from you.” (3) The godly people in the land are my true heroes! I take pleasure in them! (4) Troubles multiply for those who chase after other gods. I will not take part in their sacrifices of blood or even speak the names of their gods. (5) LORD, you alone are my inheritance, my cup of blessing. You guard all that is mine. (6) The land you have given me is a pleasant land. What a wonderful inheritance!
Acts 2:1-8 NLTse On the day of Pentecost all the believers were meeting together in one place. (2) Suddenly, there was a sound from heaven like the roaring of a mighty windstorm, and it filled the house where they were sitting. (3) Then, what looked like flames or tongues of fire appeared and settled on each of them. (4) And everyone present was filled with the Holy Spirit and began speaking in other languages, as the Holy Spirit gave them this ability. (5) At that time there were devout Jews from every nation living in Jerusalem. (6) When they heard the loud noise, everyone came running, and they were bewildered to hear their own languages being spoken by the believers. (7) They were completely amazed. “How can this be?” they exclaimed. “These people are all from Galilee, (8) and yet we hear them speaking in our own native languages!
How are these introductions related to one another? We’ve already been shown Psalm 16 is a prophecy. When we look at David’s Psalm as a prayer, we see how David makes God his refuge and master. David also acknowledges every good thing comes from God. Then David’s prayer takes a strange turn. What does David mean, godly people in the land are his true heroes? And how does he take pleasure in them? Is David referring to religious people he knows? Why does David go from praising God to people, then suddenly throws in a comment about people chasing other gods? What do we get when we look at David’s prayer as a prophecy and compare it to the introduction to Acts 1?
All the believers meeting in one place relate to David’s prayer where God is a refuge. The disciples meet together in Jerusalem because that’s where Jesus told them to meet. Why would they hide out in Jerusalem when the priests were determined to stamp out all of Jesus’ followers? Jesus had a more important matter for them to attend to. What did the disciples finally learn at Pentecost? What was the lesson Jesus tried to teach them over the years? What lesson did the disciples miss? We know they had no idea why Jesus was on the cross, or that He was going to rise from the grave. Jesus tried to tell them, but they wouldn’t listen. Jesus also tried to teach them how to rely on God’s Spirit like He did. Another lesson the disciples didn’t grasp. David said, ” Every good thing I have comes from God!” Pentecost was the moment the disciples were about to learn how God provides every good thing – through His Spirit. It took a grand show for the disciples to learn. They had to learn. They were the people Jesus trained to take His Word out to the world. David told them not to chase after false gods. What did Jesus tell the disciples not to follow? Didn’t Jesus call the priests doctrine leaven? When we look back at the original Passover, when Israel was told not to eat leaven, we can see how all the details fit together. Before Israel left Egypt, God gave the head of every household the role of priest. This is exactly what happened in the last Passover. When Jesus died and rose from the grave, the priesthood moved from the Levites back to all Jesus’ followers – if and only if – they remove the leaven…. all of it. Jesus’ disciples had to learn to leave the doctrines behind before they could move forward with the GOOD NEWS of salvation through Christ. The disciples had to put away the false gods of doctrine. They also had to lay aside the sacrificial system Christ ended. Pentecost marked a new beginning, a change. God’s followers would no longer rely on a religious order to led them, but learn to rely on a direct connection with God’s Spirit. Like David said; “”You are my Master!” We also follow God by following His Word, guided by His Spirit. Psalms 16:7-11 is the summation and must be compared to the summation in Acts 2.
Acts 2:40-47 NLTse Then Peter continued preaching for a long time, strongly urging all his listeners, “Save yourselves from this crooked generation!” (41) Those who believed what Peter said were baptized and added to the church that day–about 3,000 in all. (42) All the believers devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching, and to fellowship, and to sharing in meals (including the Lord’s Supper), and to prayer. (43) A deep sense of awe came over them all, and the apostles performed many miraculous signs and wonders. (44) And all the believers met together in one place and shared everything they had. (45) They sold their property and possessions and shared the money with those in need. (46) They worshiped together at the Temple each day, met in homes for the Lord’s Supper, and shared their meals with great joy and generosity– (47) all the while praising God and enjoying the goodwill of all the people. And each day the Lord added to their fellowship those who were being saved.
David closed his prayer by telling how God guided and instructed him. Isn’t that what happened to the disciples at Pentecost? The disciples finally learned how to communicate with God’s Spirit. Remember, Jesus also spent forty days retraining the disciples. Yes, Jesus was right beside them. God didn’t leave Jesus in the grave. After His resurrection, Jesus made sure His disciples knew what to teach and how to teach it, so no one would be left in the grave. Jesus and God’s Spirit opened the door to a new understanding of God’s plan of salvation. God’s plan never changed, but finally the world was shown the way of life, granting the joy of His presence and the pleasures of living with God forever.
It feels like graduation day when we come across a study like this. With all the details taught throughout the progression of the prophecies Jesus fulfilled, this study shows how clear God provided the interpretation to His prophecies. Not only is the interpretation clearly given, Peter quoted the prophecy and Luke recorded every detail. It’s amazing to see how God put His book together. The timing is essential. Peter quoted David’s prophecy and provided the proper interpretation on Pentecost, immediately after receiving the Power of God’s Holy Spirit. This illustrates a portion of the power Jesus’ disciples received and continue to receive. Peter had no idea what Psalm 16 was about before he received God’s Spirit. Once he received God’s Spirit, he was able to see how David’s prophecy pointed to Jesus. This was only the beginning. Paul also illustrated his understanding of the prophecies in all his letters. Now it’s up to us to either accept God’s Spirit, or like David said, chase other gods. No one has any idea what kind of information God is holding out to this world. Peter and the other disciples had no idea they were going to look at scripture one day to see everything far different than what they’ve been taught. A lot of people like to speculate on why God’s Spirit appeared to the disciples in the form of a flame. Did anyone ever think the flames showed how God’s Spirit is going to burn away all the old beliefs? Look at the illustration in context. A new religion is started. New beliefs are being introduced along with a new way of teaching and learning. Today few people want to accept, recognize, or understand how or what God’s Spirit is teaching. God’s flames touched each disciple – He is still reaching out today.
Acts 13:32-38 NLTse “And now we are here to bring you this Good News. The promise was made to our ancestors, (33) and God has now fulfilled it for us, their descendants, by raising Jesus. This is what the second psalm says about Jesus: ‘You are my Son. Today I have become your Father.’ (34) For God had promised to raise him from the dead, not leaving him to rot in the grave. He said, ‘I will give you the sacred blessings I promised to David.’ (35) Another psalm explains it more fully: ‘You will not allow your Holy One to rot in the grave.’ (36) This is not a reference to David, for after David had done the will of God in his own generation, he died and was buried with his ancestors, and his body decayed. (37) No, it was a reference to someone else–someone whom God raised and whose body did not decay. (38) “Brothers, listen! We are here to proclaim that through this man Jesus there is forgiveness for your sins.
Acts 13:1-3 NLTse Among the prophets and teachers of the church at Antioch of Syria were Barnabas, Simeon (called “the black man”), Lucius (from Cyrene), Manaen (the childhood companion of King Herod Antipas), and Saul. (2) One day as these men were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, “Dedicate Barnabas and Saul for the special work to which I have called them.” (3) So after more fasting and prayer, the men laid their hands on them and sent them on their way.
Acts 13:49-52 NLTse So the Lord’s message spread throughout that region. (50) Then the Jews stirred up the influential religious women and the leaders of the city, and they incited a mob against Paul and Barnabas and ran them out of town. (51) So they shook the dust from their feet as a sign of rejection and went to the town of Iconium. (52) And the believers were filled with joy and with the Holy Spirit.