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Ephesians With Old Testament Texts

Posted by Ez1 Realty on October 19, 2013



Did you ever have trouble understanding some of the texts in Ephesians? Have you ever tried looking up Old Testament Scripture Paul refereed to throughout his letter? Once you read this it’ll change your Bible reading habits forever. You’ll see how Paul moved from one subject to another in a predicted fashion – which of course was guided by God’s Spirit.


First Paul tells how God wants to call ALL HIS family back. He doesn’t want anyone left behind. This introduced the main theme of Paul’s letter. In simple terms, Paul is telling us a portion of God’s plan of salvation. Next Paul tells how to conduct ourselves once everyone is gathered – by putting everything in Jesus’ control – which results in unity. Its a simple process. God’s Spirit knew how people would try to put as much control in their own hands. So Paul referred to a number of texts on this subject and showed how both messages blend together – which illustrated an important study rule… to always look back.


Paul finally moves into the message – what the church is supposed to teach. He makes his point clear with the texts he referred to. No one has the authority to alter the message Paul was given and instructed to record in writing. In his message Paul used an unusual form of communication – an example of how people look at only a portion of a message and use one small part to draw their own conclusion. Paul blended the beginning of a series of Old Testament texts with the end of the message. Based on personal experience Paul knew how priests in his day used only a portion of the texts in Psalm 68 to justify personal beliefs. Paul quoted the texts using the beginning and end of the texts to show how we need to read the ENTIRE message in context. It’s ironic when you think of it. Today so many people remove one little portion or another line in Paul’s letters as proof texts to justify personal beliefs – just like the Pharisees did in Paul’s day.


To summarize the lesson, Paul used the illustration of a marriage, calling it a mystery. The mystery Paul is referring to is explained in the Old Testament texts he quoted. A marriage has to be full and complete. Past relationships have to be left behind. Our relationship with Christ and His Word has to be complete. We can’t pick and choose what to follow and what to ignore.


Ephesians 1:5 NLTse God decided in advance to adopt us into his own family by bringing us to himself through Jesus Christ. This is what he wanted to do, and it gave him great pleasure.

Jeremiah 3:19 NLTse “I thought to myself, ‘I would love to treat you as my own children!‘ I wanted nothing more than to give you this beautiful land– the finest possession in the world. I looked forward to your calling me ‘Father,‘ and I wanted you never to turn from me.


Ephesians 1:10 NLTse And this is the plan: At the right time he will bring everything together under the authority of Christ–everything in heaven and on earth.

Micah 4:1-7 NLTse In the last days, the mountain of the LORD’s house will be the highest of all— the most important place on earth. It will be raised above the other hills, and people from all over the world will stream there to worship. (2) People from many nations will come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of Jacob’s God. There he will teach us his ways, and we will walk in his paths.” For the LORD’s teaching will go out from Zion; his word will go out from Jerusalem. (3) The LORD will mediate between peoples and will settle disputes between strong nations far away. They will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will no longer fight against nation, nor train for war anymore. (4) Everyone will live in peace and prosperity, enjoying their own grapevines and fig trees, for there will be nothing to fear. The LORD of Heaven’s Armies has made this promise! (5) Though the nations around us follow their idols, we will follow the LORD our God forever and ever. (6) “In that coming day,” says the LORD, “I will gather together those who are lame, those who have been exiles, and those whom I have filled with grief. (7) Those who are weak will survive as a remnant; those who were exiles will become a strong nation. Then I, the LORD, will rule from Jerusalem as their king forever.”


Ephesians 1:11 NLTse Furthermore, because we are united with Christ, we have received an inheritance from God, for he chose us in advance, and he makes everything work out according to his plan.

Psalms 37:14-20 NLTse The wicked draw their swords and string their bows to kill the poor and the oppressed, to slaughter those who do right. (15) But their swords will stab their own hearts, and their bows will be broken. (16) It is better to be godly and have little than to be evil and rich. (17) For the strength of the wicked will be shattered, but the LORD takes care of the godly. (18) Day by day the LORD takes care of the innocent, and they will receive an inheritance that lasts forever. (19) They will not be disgraced in hard times; even in famine they will have more than enough. (20) But the wicked will die. The LORD’s enemies are like flowers in a field– they will disappear like smoke.


Ephesians 1:14 NLTse The Spirit is God’s guarantee that he will give us the inheritance he promised and that he has purchased us to be his own people. He did this so we would praise and glorify him.

Psalms 2:7-8 NLTse The king proclaims the LORD’s decree: “The LORD said to me, ‘You are my son. Today I have become your Father. (8) Only ask, and I will give you the nations as your inheritance, the whole earth as your possession.

Psalms 16:5-8 NLTse LORD, you alone are my inheritance, my cup of blessing. You guard all that is mine. (6) The land you have given me is a pleasant land. What a wonderful inheritance! (7) I will bless the LORD who guides me; even at night my heart instructs me. (8) I know the LORD is always with me. I will not be shaken, for he is right beside me.

Psalms 33:12-15 NLTse What joy for the nation whose God is the LORD, whose people he has chosen as his inheritance. (13) The LORD looks down from heaven and sees the whole human race. (14) From his throne he observes all who live on the earth. (15) He made their hearts, so he understands everything they do.

Lamentations 3:21-33 NLTse (21) Yet I still dare to hope when I remember this: (22) The faithful love of the LORD never ends! His mercies never cease. (23) Great is his faithfulness; his mercies begin afresh each morning. (24) I say to myself, “The LORD is my inheritance; therefore, I will hope in him!” (25) The LORD is good to those who depend on him, to those who search for him. (26) So it is good to wait quietly for salvation from the LORD. (27) And it is good for people to submit at an early age to the yoke of his discipline: (28) Let them sit alone in silence beneath the LORD’s demands. (29) Let them lie face down in the dust, for there may be hope at last. (30) Let them turn the other cheek to those who strike them and accept the insults of their enemies. (31) For no one is abandoned by the Lord forever. (32) Though he brings grief, he also shows compassion because of the greatness of his unfailing love. (33) For he does not enjoy hurting people or causing them sorrow.


Ephesians 1:18 NLTse I pray that your hearts will be flooded with light so that you can understand the confident hope he has given to those he called–his holy people who are his rich and glorious inheritance.

Psalms 119:10-12 NLTse I have tried hard to find you-– don’t let me wander from your commands. (11) I have hidden your word in my heart, that I might not sin against you. (12) I praise you, O LORD; teach me your decrees.

Isaiah 32:1-4 NLTse Look, a righteous king is coming! And honest princes will rule under him. (2) Each one will be like a shelter from the wind and a refuge from the storm, like streams of water in the desert and the shadow of a great rock in a parched land. (3) Then everyone who has eyes will be able to see the truth, and everyone who has ears will be able to hear it. (4) Even the hotheads will be full of sense and understanding. Those who stammer will speak out plainly.

Isaiah 29:18-19 NLTse In that day the deaf will hear words read from a book, and the blind will see through the gloom and darkness. (19) The humble will be filled with fresh joy from the LORD. The poor will rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.


Ephesians 1:22 NLTse God has put all things under the authority of Christ and has made him head over all things for the benefit of the church.

Psalms 8:1-9 NLTse O LORD, our Lord, your majestic name fills the earthYour glory is higher than the heavens. (2) You have taught children and infants to tell of your strength, silencing your enemies and all who oppose you. (3) When I look at the night sky and see the work of your fingers– the moon and the stars you set in place– (4) what are people that you should think about them, mere mortals that you should care for them? (5) Yet you made them only a little lower than God and crowned them with glory and honor. (6)You gave them charge of everything you made, putting all things under their authority— (7) the flocks and the herds and all the wild animals, (8) the birds in the sky, the fish in the sea, and everything that swims the ocean currents. (9) O LORD, our Lord, your majestic name fills the earth!


Ephesians 4:8 NLTse That is why the Scriptures say, “When he ascended to the heights, he led a crowd of captives and gave gifts to his people.”

Psalms 68:18-20 NLTse When you ascended to the heights, you led a crowd of captives. You received gifts from the people, even from those who rebelled against you. Now the LORD God will live among us there. (19) Praise the Lord; praise God our savior! For each day he carries us in his arms. (20) Our God is a God who saves! The Sovereign LORD rescues us from death.


Ephesians 4:9-10 NLTse Notice that it says “he ascended.” This clearly means that Christ also descended to our lowly world. (10) And the same one who descended is the one who ascended higher than all the heavens, so that he might fill the entire universe with himself.

Proverbs 30:2-9 NLTse I am too stupid to be human, and I lack common sense. (3) I have not mastered human wisdom, nor do I know the Holy One. (4) Who but God goes up to heaven and comes back down? Who holds the wind in his fists? Who wraps up the oceans in his cloak? Who has created the whole wide world? What is his name–and his son’s name? Tell me if you know! (5) Every word of God proves true. He is a shield to all who come to him for protection. (6) Do not add to his words, or he may rebuke you and expose you as a liar. (7) O God, I beg two favors from you; let me have them before I die. (8) First, help me never to tell a lie. Second, give me neither poverty nor riches! Give me just enough to satisfy my needs. (9) For if I grow rich, I may deny you and say, “Who is the LORD?” And if I am too poor, I may steal and thus insult God’s holy name.


Ephesians 5:14 NLTse for the light makes everything visible. This is why it is said, “Awake, O sleeper, rise up from the deadand Christ will give you light.”

Isaiah 60:1-5 NLTse “Arise, Jerusalem! Let your light shine for all to see. For the glory of the LORD rises to shine on you. (2) Darkness as black as night covers all the nations of the earth, but the glory of the LORD rises and appears over you. (3) All nations will come to your light; mighty kings will come to see your radiance. (4) “Look and see, for everyone is coming home! Your sons are coming from distant lands; your little daughters will be carried home. (5) Your eyes will shine, and your heart will thrill with joy, for merchants from around the world will come to you. They will bring you the wealth of many lands.


Ephesians 5:31-33 NLTse (31) As the Scriptures say, “A man leaves his father and mother and is joined to his wife, and the two are united into one.” (32) This is a great mystery, but it is an illustration of the way Christ and the church are one. (33) So again I say, each man must love his wife as he loves himself, and the wife must respect her husband.

Genesis 2:21-25 NLTse So the LORD God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep. While the man slept, the LORD God took out one of the man’s ribs and closed up the opening. (22) Then the LORD God made a woman from the rib, and he brought her to the man. (23) “At last!” the man exclaimed. “This one is bone from my bone, and flesh from my flesh! She will be called ‘woman,’ because she was taken from ‘man.'” (24) This explains why a man leaves his father and mother and is joined to his wifeand the two are united into one. (25) Now the man and his wife were both naked, but they felt no shame.






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