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1 Kings 8:25 David’s Descendant

Posted by adventbiblestudy on September 16, 2013


1 Kings 8:25 NLTse “And now, O LORDGod of Israel, carry out the additional promise you made to your servant David, my father. For you said to him, ‘If your descendants guard their behavior and faithfully follow me as you have done, one of them will always sit on the throne of Israel.’

 

Solomon repeats his father’s prayer. Before we look at this text, it will help to look at who Solomon was. He followed his father David as Israel’s king. His mother Bathsheba had to get involved to push God’s plan along. She didn’t want to take any chances. Before Solomon was crowned, he had to face a threat from his older brother Adonijah. After being crowned, Solomon executed his brother and Joab, the commander of his army. He also banished Abiathar the priest. Solomon began his dynasty with a series of vengeful acts. Later Solomon formed a allegiance with Egypt by marrying Pharaoh’s daughter. This was followed by countless acts of adultery as Solomon married hundreds of wives while enjoying the services of more prostitutes. Through it all, God loved Solomon, granting his request for wisdom. Did Solomon use his knowledge wisely?

 

One of the saddest stories in the Bible is about the relationship between David and king Hiram of Tyre. In his time, king Hiram ruled the economic capital of the world. He invested taxes into building the most advanced trade center in the world. He designed and installed ports and docks for ships to unload and load cargo. He also build warehouses to store merchandise. His city included luxurious homes for some of the world’s richest people. Merchants from all over the world came to live and trade in Tyre. Hiram built his security through trade. Not a country in the world would dream of attacking his kingdom. Not a country in the world could afford to interrupt the flow of merchandise through Tyre.

 

King Hiram tried to establish a relationship with king David, but received little response. Hiram tried again with Solomon, and got a little further. Solomon knew of king Hiram’s wealth and connections. Solomon asked Hiram to provide materials to build the temple and someone to design it. Hiram sent Huram to supervise the construction of the temple. With all of Solomon’s wisdom, he contracted the design and construction of the temple to Huram of Tyre, used slave labor, and introduced forms of worship suggested by his wives from other countries. Through all those mistakes, God loved Solomon, and continued to look at what he could have accomplish.

 

What could Solomon have accomplished if he showed king Hiram how to worship God? Instead of spending time with Hiram, teaching him everything he knew about God, Solomon let the opportunity slip through his fingers. Solomon should have set a better example not only for his kingdom, but the numerous kings attracted by his knowledge. What impression did king Hiram get when Solomon began introducing images of idol worship? What may have happened if Solomon reached out to Hiram with the wisdom God gave him? Maybe Solomon could have learned how Hiram established his security. Solomon would’ve had no reason to marry all those women. Think of how God’s message could have been spread through Tyre, the world trade center. Think of how the world may have changed. Do we have that opportunity? It makes you think…. what kind of impression are you leaving on those God sends you? If you really listened to God, what and how would He have you reach out?

 

Did Solomon really follow God the way he should have? Did Solomon see the mistakes he made when he wrote, “If your descendants guard their behavior and faithfully follow me as you have done, one of them will always sit on the throne of Israel.” Was Solomon guarding his behavior? Was he faithfully following God? What kind of impression did Solomon leave on his son, Rehoboam, who succeed him as king? Under Rehoboam’s reign, God separated Israel, giving ten kingdoms to Jeroboam. A descendant of David still sat on the throne, but ruled over a divided kingdom. We still see God’s promise to David in the New Testament in the form of a symbol. As usual, the fulfillment is always much greater than the symbol itself. Its not very difficult to look for One greater than king David. That symbol could only point to one person, Christ. But we never guess or rely on our own memory when studying the Bible. We look at texts to see what new connections we find when looking at parallel texts. And always remember, the contexts must always match. Our first step is to establish the context of 1 Kings chapter 8.

 

1 Kings 8:1-5 NLTse Solomon then summoned to Jerusalem the elders of Israel and all the heads of the tribes–the leaders of the ancestral families of the Israelites. They were to bring the Ark of the LORD’s Covenant to the Temple from its location in the City of David, also known as Zion. (2) So all the men of Israel assembled before King Solomon at the annual Festival of Shelters, which is held in early autumn in the month of Ethanim. (3) When all the elders of Israel arrived, the priestspicked up the Ark. (4) The priests and Levites brought up the Ark of the LORD along with the special tent and all the sacred items that had been in it. (5) There, before the Ark, King Solomon and the entire community of Israel sacrificed so many sheep, goats, and cattle that no one could keep count!

 

The introduction to 1 Kings Chapter 8 shows Solomon is dedicating the temple he built for God. Based on words the author repeated, the main focus of the introduction points out all the leaders are gathered to witness the Ark, God’s presence enter the temple. We can verify context by checking the summation of the chapter.

 

1 Kings 8:62-66 NLTse Then the king and all Israel with him offered sacrifices to the LORD. (63) Solomon offered to the LORD a peace offering of 22,000 cattle and 120,000 sheep and goats. And so the king and all the people of Israel dedicated the Temple of the LORD. (64) That same day the king consecrated the central area of the courtyard in front of the LORD’s Temple. He offered burnt offerings, grain offerings, and the fat of peace offerings there, because the bronze altar in theLORD’s presence was too small to hold all the burnt offerings, grain offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings. (65) Then Solomon and all Israel celebrated the Festival of Shelters in the presence of the LORD our God. A large congregation had gathered from as far away as Lebo-hamath in the north and the Brook of Egypt in the south. The celebration went on for fourteen days in all–seven days for the dedication of the altar and seven days for the Festival of Shelters. (66) After the festival was over, Solomon sent the people home. They blessed the king and went to their homes joyful and glad because the LORD had been good to his servant David and to his people Israel.

 

As usual, the introduction and summation agree. Once repeated words are highlighted in each, its easy to see how each adds its own details. The summation focuses on offerings. It also adds a detail requiring additional investigation. We cannot guess at what the Festival of Shelters is, we have to locate and study the original texts.

 

Leviticus 23:39-43 NLTse (39) “Remember that this seven-day festival to the LORD–the Festival of Shelters–begins on the fifteenth day of the appointed month, after you have harvested all the produce of the land. The first day and the eighth day of the festival will be days of complete rest. (40) On the first day gather branchesfrom magnificent trees–palm frondsboughs from leafy trees, and willows that grow by the streams. Then celebrate with joy before the LORD your God for seven days. (41) You must observe this festival to the LORD for seven days every year. This is a permanent law for you, and it must be observed in the appointed month from generation to generation. (42) For seven days you must live outside in little shelters. All native-born Israelites must live in shelters. (43) This will remind each new generation of Israelites that I made their ancestors live in shelters when I rescued them from the land of Egypt. I am the LORD your God.”

 

Once we read how the Festival of Shelters is celebrated, it appears 1 Kings chapter 8 contains an oxymoron. Why would all of Israel’s leaders gather to observe a festival in temporary shelters by putting the Ark in a permanent structure? It doesn’t seem to make sense. Then there’s the great number of sacrifices which appear to go overboard. Is this what God really wanted? The context of 1 Kings chapter 8 shows the elaborate lengths Solomon went through to dedicate the temple he build. All of Israel’s leaders were present. We’re also reminded, Solomon arranged for the dedication to take place during the Festival of Shelters, which is supposed to remind people about leaving bondage in Egypt. The festival is celebrated during harvest time. These symbols point to the harvest of the world when we are finally freed from the bondage of sin. Solomon distorted the original meaning of the symbol, using it to draw attention to himself and what he wanted to accomplish.

 

The best way to find New Testament parallel texts in a Bible study is to search for scripture explaining how God’s promise to David was fulfilled. We know we are using the right texts when it also contains details about the harvest and being delivered from the slavery of sin. How do these fit in with the dedication of the temple and the Festival of Shelters? We’ll never learn until we find parallel texts and compare its context to 1 Kings chapter 8. One of the texts we find is in Roman’s chapter 1.

 

Romans 1:2-5 NLTse God promised this Good News long ago through his prophets in the holy Scriptures. (3) The Good News is about his SonJesus. In his earthly life he was born into King David’s family line, (4) and he was shown to be the Son of God when he was raised from the dead by the power of the Holy Spirit. He is Jesus Christ our Lord. (5) Through ChristGod has given us the privilege and authority as apostles to tell Gentiles everywhere what God has done for them, so that they will believe and obey him, bringing glory to his name.

 

To properly study this parallel in Romans we have to look at a number of details. We instantly see the simple answer. Jesus is the fulfillment of God’s promise found in prophecies David and Solomon wrote. For most people this is enough. This is all most people want to look for is an answer. They forget an important rule of Bible study….. THE FULFILLMENT IS ALWAYS GREATER THAN THE SYMBOL. There is no arguing, Jesus is greater than David. Remember, we are learning a lesson from God. The answers are always simple, on the other hand, God has a habit of placing lessons inside His lessons. It is sort of a reminder ….. God is God … and wants to remind us to use the brains He gave us. God wants us to remember, we are formed in His Image.

 

How do we advance our studies to the next level? First step is to follow the simple steps we know, practice them, and let God’s Spirit build upon what He already taught us. We already know, we have to check the introduction and summation for Romans chapter 1. Our parallel texts is important because it is not only the introduction to chapter 1, it is Paul’s introduction to the entire letter to Romans. If we don’t understand the introduction, we will never understand Paul’s letter. This is worth a short review.

 

Romans 1:1 NLTse This letter is from Paul, a slave of Christ Jesus, chosen by God to be an apostle and sent out to preach his Good News.

 

Paul begins his letter by introducing the main theme. By repeating the words, Christ Jesus and GOOD NEWS, Paul places an emphases on the main theme and lesson in his letter. Paul is a teacher as well as an apostle. Paul would not introduced the GOOD NEWS without defining it. “God promised this Good News long ago through his prophets in the holy Scriptures. The Good News is about his SonJesus. In his earthly life he was born into King David’s family line, and he was shown to be theSon of God when he was raised from the dead by the power of the Holy Spirit. He is Jesus Christ our Lord.” When we examine Paul’s definition we see the GOOD NEWS is about Jesus. Paul never includes, adds, or hints and any other message. Paul tells us how to learn about this message. “God promised this Good News long ago through his prophets in the holy Scriptures.” We find the GOOD NEWS about Jesus Christ in HIS WORD, the scriptures. In one sentence Paul sums up the entire story. “The Good News is about his SonJesus. In his earthly life he was born into King David’s family line, and he was shown to be the Son of God when he was raised from the dead by the power of the Holy Spirit.” Paul shows us the GOOD NEWS is in the history about Jesus written in the scriptures. We call them prophecies. Paul tells us the GOOD NEWS is in the stories told long before Jesus’ birth as well as those after His resurrection. We also have to check the summation to ensure the full context matches between 1 Kings chapter 8 and Romans chapter 1.

 

Romans 1:28-32 NLTse Since they thought it foolish to acknowledge God, he abandoned them to their foolish thinking and let them do things that should never be done. (29) Their lives became full of every kind of wickednesssingreedhateenvymurderquarrelingdeceptionmalicious behavior, and gossip. (30) They are backstabbershaters of Godinsolentproud, and boastful. They invent new ways of sinning, and they disobey their parents. (31) They refuse to understand, break their promises, are heartless, and have no mercy. (32) They know God’s justice requires that those who do these things deserve to die, yet they do them anyway. Worse yet, they encourage others to do them, too.

 

This is where Bible study can become difficult. As we can see, God’s Spirit is taking us on a new level. This also shows why people can get confused when they read Paul’s letters. It may be difficult to understand Paul’s theme because he uses contradicting terms. If we look, much of the Bible is written with contradicting terms to teach lessons. Now we can learn how to unravel these terms and see a greater lesson by learning how to use parallel texts.

 

Another tool we can use is a chart to list key words and how they are used. I usually don’t like charts because they tend to be confusing with too many columns, little explanation, and too much looking back and forth to understand. If we keep it short and simple, a chart should be able to help you see how thoughts and themes are related to one another.

 

 

1 Kings 8
Key Words Theme
David Identifies key search word, parallel to NT texts.
descendants Identifies key search word, parallel to NT texts.
Guard, follow Conditions of God’s promise
Elders, heads, leaders, priests, Levites Positions of responsibility
Festival of Shelters Identifies time and a contradiction
Ark God’s presence
Sacrifices, offerings Conduct at the festival

 

 

Romans 1
Key Words Theme
David’s family  Connecting key words between prophecy and fulfillment.
Jesus Christ Fulfillment of the promise and prophecy
Good News Main theme
Foolish, abandoned, wickednesssingreedhateenvymurder, quarreling, deception, malicious behavior, gossip, backstabbershaters, insolentproudboastful, sinningdisobey, refuse, break, heartless Conduct of the people who oppose the main theme, the GOOD NEWS.

 

I really dislike the term, “when we look at the above charts.” But I guess we have to. I know most serious students of the Bible know how to formulate this concept in their heads. New students have trouble following advanced messages between scripture. Hopefully a chart will show you how these details are organized and how to explain this method of study to other people. Somewhere the Bible tells us to write details out in a chart so the message is clear. So let’s take a look to see if it works.

 

David and descendants in 1 Kings 8 are the connecting factors between texts, directly relating to David and family in Romans 1. The connecting factors have to be combined with the theme of the two chapters to see the spiritual message. If they are spiritually connected, each chapter will contain details explaining to other chapter. 1 Kings chapter 8 deals with the dedication of the temple. Romans chapter one introduces, emphasizes, and defines the GOOD NEWS. We have to ask what they have in common. To accomplish that task, we have to examine and compare key words, thoughts, and details between the two chapters looking for similarities.

 

1 Kings chapter 8 identifies elders and leaders. Paul’s letter is written to church leaders in Rome.

 

1 Kings chapter 8 is about Solomon’s dedication of his temple. In Romans, Paul is writing a message on how to teach about Jesus. What connection is there between the temple and Jesus? Together, we are his house, built on the foundation of the apostles and the prophets. And the cornerstone is Christ Jesus himself. We are carefully joined together in him, becoming a holy temple for the Lord. (Ephesians 2:20-21 NLTse). At this point you have to understand we are looking at a much deeper lesson which of course requires a greater understanding. In this case it requires an understanding of construction of the temple Solomon built. We already know Solomon hired Huram of Tyre to design and build the temple. We also know Solomon married a ton of women who led Solomon away from a sincere relationship with God. Another detail we need to examine is the construction of the physical temple. The walls of the inner courtyard were built so that there was one layer of cedar beams between every three layers of finished stone. (1 Kings 6:36 NLTse). In an effort to cut costs, Huram used wood between stones. Did you ever wonder how the stone temple was burnt? Well now you know how. What message do you get when comparing Ephesians 2:20-21 to 1 Kings 6:36?

 

Its no wonder the author told us all Israel’s leaders watched priests carry the Ark into Solomon’s temple during a festival that was supposed to remind them this world is only temporary. The festival also pointed to the harvest, a symbol we’re supposed to understand the spiritual fulfillment it is pointing to. Paul wrote a letter to leaders in Rome to prepare them to work for the harvest. Not only the temple connects these two chapters, the harvest adds details about the spiritual message taught in both chapters. Now for another connecting factor which will explain Paul’s use of contradicting themes.

 

1 Kings chapter 8 tells us how Solomon went over board on sacrifices. For some reason he thought all that extra death and blood would please God. We aren’t told what misled Solomon. Most likely it was a combination of a lot of influences. One of them was his wives. We can speculate on other reasons, but Paul gives us a list in his parallel texts. We see these on the chart under the theme, “Conduct of the people who oppose the main theme, the GOOD NEWS.” Now you can see how the fulfillment of the prophecies not only pointed to something greater than the symbols, but a greater spiritual lesson. 1 Kings shows us the leadership does not understand God’s symbols. Paul tells us why they do not understand symbolism. It also shows us why Solomon misled the people he was supposed to be leading to a closer relationship with God. Now would be a good time to review the charts.

 

In this lesson we saw how details are collected. Repeated, similar, and related words point us to details to study. Relationships between key words is examined between the chapter with the prophecy and the chapter containing the fulfillment. Understanding the deeper spiritual meaning requires more digging. A basic knowledge of the Bible will help. It boils down to attention to detail. God’s Spirit plays a huge part in such a study. It took 3 days of prayer to finally see the one detail that unfolded everything and put it together. As I prayed I saw the relationship between the temple Solomon built and Paul’s letter to the Romans. Once God’s Spirit reminded me about the inferior material Huram used in Solomon’s temple, ( I wrote a study on this subject earlier) I instantly saw the spiritual connection between the two chapters. Wood made the physical destruction of the temple possible. When people add their personal messages to God’s GOOD NEWS, they add wood, defective materials to Jesus’ temple, which is us. We’re supposed to be stones, built on Christ, the cornerstone. We’re supposed to fit together. In other words, our message has to be the same shape and form to fit correctly with Jesus. The wrong message resembles Solomon’s temple. I see people preaching their own message all the time. I see it on TV, hear it in the radio, wrong messages are all over the Internet. We can’t get away from them in this world. People forgot the Cornerstone. Their message has little or nothing to do with Jesus and the GOOD NEWS. Their message resembles God’s GOOD NEWS about as much as Solomon’s temple resembled the Tabernacle. People think by adding their personal concepts to God’s simple message, they are creating some kind of grand image to attract more people. WRONG!!!!

 

Solomon not only ignored the pattern of the Tabernacle repeated in scripture, he rewrote God’s rules on the Festival of Shelters. Solomon missed the spiritual message in the festival. He altered it to fit his plans. Solomon did all of this to draw attention to himself. God also gave Solomon the opportunity to witness to king Hiram. Solomon was a witness. But was he a good witness? Instead of telling Hiram about God, and teach Hiram how to develop a personal relationship with God, Solomon shared his personal ideas, desires, and goals. This is exactly what Paul warned about in his letter. People stray away from God’s message in the GOOD NEWS about Jesus. They create their own message for the same reason Solomon wanted a splendid temple. To call attention to themselves. 1 kings 8 shows us all the leaders missed what Solomon was doing. They all missed the point. They blindly followed Solomon. This prophecy is a lot deeper than people expect. It shows how the world will be misled when the harvest is ripe. The world is lost and deceived. The world is gathered together preaching the wrong messages and can’t see their message is made of wood.

 

All the messages today center on either prophecies or doctrine. Not the prophecies about Jesus Paul told the Romans to learn and preach, but future prophecies people are guessing at. Instead of preaching about Jesus, they preach about their doctrines and traditions. They make up their own traditions or distort God’s, just like Solomon did. They claim it is Biblical, but if we checked, we’d find they are not within context. How many people know what the GOOD NEWS is or how to teach it? Not many. I had to find it on my own…. with God’s Spirit. If I continued to rely on what people told me, tried to teach me, I wouldn’t be able to tell the difference between wood and stone. I would never be able to tell if a message was from Heaven or earth. I found out the only safe course is to learn how to study God’s Word on my own and let His Spirit and Word lead.

 

Timothy, my dear son, be strong through the grace that God gives you in Christ Jesus. You have heard me teach things that have been confirmed by many reliable witnesses. Now teach these truths to other trustworthy people who will be able to pass them on to others. (3) Endure suffering along with me, as a good soldier ofChrist Jesus. Think about what I am saying. The Lord will help you understand all these things. Always remember that Jesus Christ, a descendant of King David, was raised from the dead. This is the Good News I preach. (9) And because I preach this Good News, I am suffering and have been chained like a criminal. But the word of God cannot be chained. Again I say, don’t get involved in foolish, ignorant arguments that only start fights. A servant of the Lord must not quarrel but must be kind to everyone, be able to teach, and be patient with difficult people. Gently instruct those who oppose the truth. Perhaps God will change those people’s hearts, and they will learn the truth. Then they will come to their senses and escape from the devil’s trap. For they have been held captive by him to do whatever he wants. (2 Timothy 2:1-3, 2:7-9, 2:23-26 NLTse)

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