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Luke 19 Jesus Teaches On One Theme

Posted by adventbiblestudy on June 10, 2013


Luke 19:7-10 NLTse But the people were displeased. “He has gone to be the guest of a notorious sinner,” they grumbled. (8) Meanwhile, Zacchaeus stood before the Lord and said, “I will give half my wealth to the poor, Lord, and if I have cheated people on their taxes, I will give them back four times as much!” (9) Jesus responded, “Salvation has come to this home today, for this man has shown himself to be a true son of Abraham. (10) For the Son of Man came to seek and save those who are lost.”

 

Jesus begins this chapter showing an example of the change in a person He came to teach. Notice how Jesus uses different methods to teach? Since this is the end of His ministry and He knows the time, Jesus combined all the methods to reach out. It is time for a review of everything He taught. First in examples. First question; What does the grumbling show us?

 

Luke 19:11-14 NLTse The crowd was listening to everything Jesus said. And because he was nearing Jerusalem, he told them a story to correct the impression that the Kingdom of God would begin right away. (12) He said, “A nobleman was called away to a distant empire to be crowned king and then return. (13) Before he left, he called together ten of his servants and divided among them ten pounds of silver, saying, ‘Invest this for me while I am gone.’ (14) But his people hated him and sent a delegation after him to say, ‘We do not want him to be our king.’

 

People were listening, but not understanding. So Jesus moved from one form of teaching to another. A teacher will always stay with the same subject, the same point until the student understands. We only have 1 Teacher — Christ. Why would the people not want Jesus as their King? Who were the people that did not want Him King? Did this include all the people who did not understand Him? Look at the previous chapter to find out who did not understand Jesus.

 

Luke 18:9 NLTse Then Jesus told this story to some who had great confidence in their own righteousness and scorned everyone else:

Luke 18:15 NLTse One day some parents brought their little children to Jesus so he could touch and bless them. But when the disciples saw this, they scolded the parents for bothering him.

Luke 18:31-34 NLTse Taking the twelve disciples aside, Jesus said, “Listen, we’re going up to Jerusalem, where all the predictions of the prophets concerning the Son of Man will come true. (32) He will be handed over to the Romans, and he will be mocked, treated shamefully, and spit upon. (33) They will flog him with a whip and kill him, but on the third day he will rise again.” (34) But they didn’t understand any of this. The significance of his words was hidden from them, and they failed to grasp what he was talking about.

 

some who had great confidence in their own righteousness and scorned everyone else

the disciples saw this, they scolded the parents for bothering him

twelve disciples aside — But they didn’t understand any of this

 

Jesus’ followers did not understand. The scriptures tells us why. The had great confidence in their own righteousness and scorned everyone else.

 

Look at the previous parables to find the connection between this one Jesus is telling them in an attempt to get them to understand by repeating the same lesson.

 

Luke 18:42-43 NLTse And Jesus said, “All right, receive your sight! Your faith has healed you.” (43) Instantly the man could see, and he followed Jesus, praising God. And all who saw it praised God, too.

 

Luke 18:13-14 NLTse “But the tax collector stood at a distance and dared not even lift his eyes to heaven as he prayed. Instead, he beat his chest in sorrow, saying, ‘O God, be merciful to me, for I am a sinner.‘ (14) I tell you, this sinner, not the Pharisee, returned home justified before God. For those who exalt themselves will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be exalted.”

 

Look at the connection Jesus is forming. What does a tax collector and Zacchaeus the head of tax collectors, how they were led to God, how they approached God, and the lesson Jesus was teaching His disciples all have in common? What did they do to reach out to God? Each had their individual way. It was a personal relationship with God and Jesus. This is what Jesus was teaching when He invited Himself to Zacchaeus’ home for dinner. This is a symbol of the relationship Jesus is seeking. How does Jesus build on this theme?

 

Luke 19:20-21 NLTse “But the third servant brought back only the original amount of money and said, ‘Master, I hid your money and kept it safe. (21) I was afraid because you are a hard man to deal with, taking what isn’t yours and harvesting crops you didn’t plant.’

 

Common interpretations use the word talent, which most often is then applied to people using their own talents to bring people to God. But does this fit the theme Jesus established? Is Jesus giving any credit to the tax collector or Zacchaeus when they turned to God? What lesson is Jesus pointing to? What is being hidden? Did Jesus already give the answer before He presented the question? Is Jesus employing another teaching method? Luke 18:31 NLTse Taking the twelve disciples aside, Jesus said, “Listen, we’re going up to Jerusalem, where all the predictions of the prophets concerning the Son of Man will come true. Does the money Jesus left His servants represent the message He gave them to teach? What is that message?

 

Luke 19:26 NLTse “‘Yes,’ the king replied, ‘and to those who use well what they are given, even more will be given. But from those who do nothing, even what little they have will be taken away.

 

The more we understand the message Jesus gave us, the more we understand God’s plan of salvation, the more we rely on the Spirit, the better we are able to lead people into a personal relationship with God and Jesus through the Holy Spirit. On the other hand, the more we rely on ourselves, like the Pharisee, (The Pharisee stood by himself and prayed this prayer: ‘I thank you, God, that I am not a sinner like everyone else. For I don’t cheat, I don’t sin, and I don’t commit adultery. I’m certainly not like that tax collector!) (Luke 18:11 NLTse), the less we are able to see, understand, and share. How does the next lesson fit into this theme?

 

Luke 19:30 NLTse “Go into that village over there,” he told them. “As you enter it, you will see a young donkey tied there that no one has ever ridden. Untie it and bring it here.

 

Jesus begins his journey to Jerusalem. He sends out for a donkey, but everyone misinterprets the scene. They were expecting one thing and could not see the real meaning behind the symbols. The crowd was listening to everything Jesus said. And because he was nearing Jerusalem, he told them a story to correct the impression that the Kingdom of God would begin right away. (Luke 19:11 NLTse). How did Jesus try to show them what He was trying to teach?

 

Luke 19:38 NLTse “Blessings on the King who comes in the name of the LORD! Peace in heaven, and glory in highest heaven!”

 

The people expected Jesus to ride into Jerusalem and take David’s throne. Was that why Jesus went into Jerusalem? To fulfill their impressions, or fulfill God’s plan of salvation? The same theme keeps repeating.

 

Luke 19:41-44 NLTse But as they came closer to Jerusalem and Jesus saw the city ahead, he began to weep. (42) “How I wish today that you of all people would understand the way to peace. But now it is too late, and peace is hidden from your eyes. (43) Before long your enemies will build ramparts against your walls and encircle you and close in on you from every side. (44) They will crush you into the ground, and your children with you. Your enemies will not leave a single stone in place, because you did not accept your opportunity for salvation.”

 

Once again Jesus speaks using signs and symbols. See how the eyes refer back to the blind man Jesus healed? How was the man healed? What do the ramparts represent? Staying within the theme of the chapter, who builds the ramparts and how? What about the stones? What is the opportunity for salvation they missed?

 

Luke 19:45-46 NLTse Then Jesus entered the Temple and began to drive out the people selling animals for sacrifices. (46) He said to them, “The Scriptures declare, ‘My Temple will be a house of prayer,’ but you have turned it into a den of thieves.”

 

Jesus answered questions by going to the temple. He did not go to the palace to take David’s throne like the people expected. Jesus wanted the people to see what the ramparts were and how they will crush people and their children, a sign pointing to future generations. Jesus’ followers failed to see the plan of salvation then, as well as they refuse to see, accept and teach His plan today.

 

Luke 19:47-48 NLTse After that, he taught daily in the Temple, but the leading priests, the teachers of religious law, and the other leaders of the people began planning how to kill him. (48) But they could think of nothing, because all the people hung on every word he said.

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