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Leviticus 26:44-45 I Will Not Cancel My Covenant

Posted by adventbiblestudy on June 5, 2013


Study methods explained. Bible stories, studies with links between Old and New Testament texts.

Learning about prophecies fulfilled shows how to understand all scripture.

Leviticus 26:44-45 NLTse (44) “But despite all this, I will not utterly reject or despise them while they are in exile in the land of their enemies. I will not cancel my covenant with them by wiping them out, for I am the LORD their God. (45) For their sakes I will remember my ancient covenant with their ancestors, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt in the sight of all the nations, that I might be their God. I am the LORD.”

It’s not easy to explain God’s covenant because of the number of covenants God promised to uphold. Each covenant built upon the previous. Learning to understanding God’s covenants is much like reading His Word. The only way to understand the subject is to look at each covenant while studying features which bind them together. To begin the lesson, we will focus on the covenant referred to in this prophecy paying particular attention to the details in the text, and chapter.

We see the word exile and assume it refers to the exile in Babylon when Jerusalem was overthrown and the majority of the population was carried away to a life of bondage. We also see the original covenant God will not forget was made with the people of Israel freed from of Egypt. We can make a list of the five W’s to help us with this study.

Who: Israelites

What: God will not cancel His Covenant

When: This most likely takes place in the second year after leaving Egypt. The immediate prophecy is related to the exile in Babylon which also has spiritual implications.

Where: In the wilderness crossing to the promised land.

Why: The prophecy has two sides. The first or physical interpretation involved the exile in Babylon. The second is spiritual in nature pointing to the fulfillment of Christ’s return when we finally enter the promised land for eternity.

To find out the covenant God will not cancel, we have to study previous verses and chapters to find out the promise Leviticus 26 is referring to.

Genesis 9:8-11 NLTse Then God told Noah and his sons, (9) “I hereby confirm my covenant with you and your descendants, (10) and with all the animals that were on the boat with you–the birds, the livestock, and all the wild animals–every living creature on earth. (11) Yes, I am confirming my covenant with you. Never again will flood waters kill all living creatures; never again will a flood destroy the earth.”

God’s first covenant was never to destroy the world with a flood again. A simple covenant with no conditions, only a promise. Notice how the covenant builds and expands to include more than Noah and his family. Another detail to consider is the fact God said He is confirming His covenant. The only previous verse containing the word covenant is also given to Noah. “Look! I am about to cover the earth with a flood that will destroy every living thing that breathes. Everything on earth will die. But I will confirm my covenant with you. So enter the boat–you and your wife and your sons and their wives. (Genesis 6:17-18 NLTse). Once again we see the word confirm. What is God confirming with Noah and his family? Another point to consider is the fact Noah and his family are the only people left on the world at this time. Maybe a reason why the first covenant is so simple.

As time progresses, God adds more details to His covenant. The next detail is given to Abram after a number of generations passed.

Genesis 15:18 NLTse So the LORD made a covenant with Abram that day and said, “I have given this land to your descendants, all the way from the border of Egypt to the great Euphrates River–

After the world is repopulated and redivided between serving God and idol worship, God calls a single man and his family. Notice the link between Noah and Abram and the concept of a single family for a new beginning to fulfill the original covenant. Now the covenant has borders based on the fact this covenant is with Abram and his descendants. Why did God add this detail with Abram? A few years later God adds more details to His covenant.

Genesis 17:2-4 NLTse I will make a covenant with you, by which I will guarantee to give you countless descendants.” (3) At this, Abram fell face down on the ground. Then God said to him, (4) “This is my covenant with you: I will make you the father of a multitude of nations!

First God promises Abram land with borders. Next God adds another important detail, countless descendants. Why did God add this particular detail at this time? One cannot exist without the other. Its easy to see how one covenant builds upon another. God is establishing the fact, details about His covenant are progressive. God continues to add details. This time it is a condition.

Genesis 17:10 NLTse This is the covenant that you and your descendants must keep: Each male among you must be circumcised.

God choose this particular time to add a condition to the covenant. But it was not time to fulfill the covenant. This series of covenants also contained a spiritual lesson taught in the fulfillment of the physical conditions. A true Jew is one whose heart is right with God. And true circumcision is not merely obeying the letter of the law; rather, it is a change of heart produced by God’s Spirit. And a person with a changed heart seeks praise from God, not from people. (Romans 2:29 NLTse). God introduced a condition to show there is a spiritual meaning behind His covenant.

Each detail pointed to a parallel meaning in God’s plan of salvation. This is one of the most important features of God’s covenant, explaining why details where added over time. To understand we have to look at every step in the process while identifying common words and terms, paying particular attention to additional details. In essence God is using His covenant to teach important steps, rules and features required to understand scripture. God is also teaching how to understand one of the most difficult subjects to comprehend, His timing. Overall God’s covenant reveals His plan of salvation. After reminding Isaac, Jacob and his children of the covenant, a prophecy given to Abram is fulfilled, Israel serves in Egypt for over 400 years. God heard their groaning, and he remembered his covenant promise to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. He looked down on the people of Israel and knew it was time to act. (Exodus 2:24-25 NLTse).

Exodus 6:4-6 NLTse And I reaffirmed my covenant with them. Under its terms, I promised to give them the land of Canaan, where they were living as foreigners. (5) You can be sure that I have heard the groans of the people of Israel, who are now slaves to the Egyptians. And I am well aware of my covenant with them. (6) “Therefore, say to the people of Israel: ‘I am the LORD. I will free you from your oppression and will rescue you from your slavery in Egypt. I will redeem you with a powerful arm and great acts of judgment.

We can see how God’s covenant is now taking on spiritual terminology in addition to physical fulfillment. Egypt, slavery and oppression are terms which point to spiritual fulfillment in God’s plan of salvation. Leaving Egypt was not the fulfillment of God’s promise, but the beginning of a journey. God added more details about His covenant throughout the journey.

Exodus 19:5-9 NLTse Now if you will obey me and keep my covenant, you will be my own special treasure from among all the peoples on earth; for all the earth belongs to me. (6) And you will be my kingdom of priests, my holy nation.’ This is the message you must give to the people of Israel.” (7) So Moses returned from the mountain and called together the elders of the people and told them everything the LORD had commanded him. (8) And all the people responded together, “We will do everything the LORD has commanded.” So Moses brought the people’s answer back to the LORD. (9) Then the LORD said to Moses, “I will come to you in a thick cloud, Moses, so the people themselves can hear me when I speak with you. Then they will always trust you.” Moses told the LORD what the people had said.

This may be one of the most important details of God’s covenant. God tells His people He delivered them from bondage to become His special treasure from among all the peoples on earth. To be His kingdom of priests, His holy nation. This explains why God choose Abram, established borders and provided details in the form of a prophecy to Abram at the time he received a portion of God’s promise. We can see how God is explaining His covenant over time, building one detail upon another in a specific sequence.

Imagine being part of a kingdom of priests with God as king! God revealed a portion of His plan of salvation vital to the survival and redemption of this world. His people were to carry the news of God’s covenant to the world. First they had to be prepared, then delivered. It took Israel over 400 years to learn where this world was headed when unrestrained. Their experience in Egypt served as a symbol to show the world Satan’s ultimate goal. Then Abraham’s descendants were delivered from bondage in Egypt. The experience always taught Israel how important is was for God to free the world from the bondage of sin. God wanted Israel to be His special treasure, showing the world a much better life then this world could offer. God intended to bless Israel, making them a peaceful kingdom, a light to the world, calling them back to God.

When Israel came out of Egypt, every shred of dignity had been stripped from them. In terms of spirituality they were nothing more than new born babes. Stories were handed down from generation to generation, but the hard, oppressive lives they lived did not allow them to understand many of the details the lessons contained. God’s first lesson before leaving Egypt was revealed in the Passover which restored the role of priest to the head of every household. Other lessons would follow.

Becoming a nation of God’s priest’s is obviously a major responsibility. Every responsibility comes with a set of rules. This portion of the covenant introduces a new condition, follow God’s commands. Its no wander God personally told Israel His ten commandments.

At first Israel was excited to hear God’s invitation. And all the people responded together, “We will do everything the LORD has commanded.” Immediately after hearing God’s simple commandments, they changed their answer. They said to Moses, “You speak to us, and we will listen. But don’t let God speak directly to us, or we will die!” (Exodus 20:19 NLTse).

God continued to work with Israel, teaching them lessons, preparing them to be His kingdom of priests. When the time was right, God wrote His commandments in stone and told Israel His law was one important part of His covenant. Another was their personal relationship with their King.

Exodus 31:13-18 NLTse “Tell the people of Israel: ‘Be careful to keep my Sabbath day, for the Sabbath is a sign of the covenant between me and you from generation to generation. It is given so you may know that I am the LORD, who makes you holy. (14) You must keep the Sabbath day, for it is a holy day for you. Anyone who desecrates it must be put to death; anyone who works on that day will be cut off from the community. (15) You have six days each week for your ordinary work, but the seventh day must be a Sabbath day of complete rest, a holy day dedicated to the LORD. Anyone who works on the Sabbath must be put to death. (16) The people of Israel must keep the Sabbath day by observing it from generation to generation. This is a covenant obligation for all time. (17) It is a permanent sign of my covenant with the people of Israel. For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day he stopped working and was refreshed.'” (18) When the LORD finished speaking with Moses on Mount Sinai, he gave him the two stone tablets inscribed with the terms of the covenant, written by the finger of God.

Exodus 34:29-35 NLTse When Moses came down Mount Sinai carrying the two stone tablets inscribed with the terms of the covenant, he wasn’t aware that his face had become radiant because he had spoken to the LORD. (30) So when Aaron and the people of Israel saw the radiance of Moses’ face, they were afraid to come near him. (31) But Moses called out to them and asked Aaron and all the leaders of the community to come over, and he talked with them. (32) Then all the people of Israel approached him, and Moses gave them all the instructions the LORD had given him on Mount Sinai. (33) When Moses finished speaking with them, he covered his face with a veil. (34) But whenever he went into the Tent of Meeting to speak with the LORD, he would remove the veil until he came out again. Then he would give the people whatever instructions the LORD had given him, (35) and the people of Israel would see the radiant glow of his face. So he would put the veil over his face until he returned to speak with the LORD.

Two details are introduced to the covenant at the same time, God’s ten commandments written on stone, and the installation of Moses between God and Israel. When God offered Israel the role of priests in His Kingdom, He personally taught the commandments to the people of Israel. Immediately afterwords Israel turned down God’s desire to communicate directly with His people in favor of installing Moses between them and God. This was never God’s plan, but shows how His plan works with the choices people make. God chose Aaron and his descendants be priests in place of the entire kingdom of Israel.

Exodus 40:12-17 NLTse “Present Aaron and his sons at the entrance of the Tabernacle, and wash them with water. (13) Dress Aaron with the sacred garments and anoint him, consecrating him to serve me as a priest. (14) Then present his sons and dress them in their tunics. (15) Anoint them as you did their father, so they may also serve me as priests. With their anointing, Aaron’s descendants are set apart for the priesthood forever, from generation to generation.” (16) Moses proceeded to do everything just as the LORD had commanded him. (17) So the Tabernacle was set up on the first day of the first month of the second year.

Installing Aaron and His sons as priests was not the end of communication between God and His people, it was the beginning of a new form of communication. Aaron served as a symbol pointing to Jesus as the High Priest. Every item in the Tabernacle served as a symbol pointing to Jesus and His ministry. God began speaking in signs and symbols, each pointing to a greater fulfillment. O my people, listen to my instructions. Open your ears to what I am saying, for I will speak to you in a parable. I will teach you hidden lessons from our past– stories we have heard and known, stories our ancestors handed down to us. We will not hide these truths from our children; we will tell the next generation about the glorious deeds of the LORD, about his power and his mighty wonders. For he issued his laws to Jacob; he gave his instructions to Israel. He commanded our ancestors to teach them to their children, so the next generation might know them– even the children not yet born– and they in turn will teach their own children. So each generation should set its hope anew on God, not forgetting his glorious miracles and obeying his commands. Then they will not be like their ancestors— stubborn, rebellious, and unfaithful, refusing to give their hearts to God. (Psalms 78:1-8 NLTse).

God also introduced a second form of communication so they would not forget. God knew He could not leave this information up to the minds and memory of humans. God knew He had to put it in writing. “Moses turned and went down the mountain. He held in his hands the two stone tablets inscribed with the terms of the covenant. They were inscribed on both sides, front and back. These tablets were God’s work; the words on them were written by God himself.” (Exodus 32:15-16 NLTse).

Like symbols in the Tabernacle, God used His law as a sign and symbol. Moses carried the tablets. He also wrote the first five chapters of the Bible. God wrote on both sides to show His Law and Word are complete. The Law is written by God Himself, like every Word in His books and letters handed down through His Spirit over generations. God also used His Law to show His timing, which we often find difficult to understand. Moses remained there on the mountain with the LORD forty days and forty nights. In all that time he ate no bread and drank no water. And the LORD wrote the terms of the covenant–the Ten Commandments–on the stone tablets. (Exodus 34:28 NLTse). God also used this to show that receiving His Law would not be an easy task. It would require sacrifice and time. Like His Law, all of God’s Word is first carried by His prophets, and later explained within His Word. Every detail of God’s covenant is explained in His Word.

First God introduced the most fundamental part of His Covenant, His rainbow and a promise He will never again destroy the world in a flood. This will be fulfilled when Jesus returns to claim His people. For the Lord himself will come down from heaven with a commanding shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trumpet call of God. First, the Christians who have died will rise from their graves. Then, together with them, we who are still alive and remain on the earth will be caught up in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. Then we will be with the Lord forever. (1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 NLTse).

Next God called Abraham. He has been merciful to our ancestors by remembering his sacred covenant— the covenant he swore with an oath to our ancestor Abraham. (Luke 1:72-73 NLTse). Adding to the covenant, God promised Abraham a new land which will be fulfilled when we return to this this world and watch Jesus make everything new. John explains this when he saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the old heaven and the old earth had disappeared. And the sea was also gone. And I saw the holy city, the new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven like a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. I heard a loud shout from the throne, saying, “Look, God’s home is now among his people! He will live with them, and they will be his people. God himself will be with them. (Revelation 21:1-3 NLTse).

Abraham was given a second promise, the next detail God revealed about His covenant. Abraham was promised descendants like the stars in the sky. God did not intend to repopulate the new world with new people He could just as easily create. God’s plan included redeeming His people from the bondage of sin. He will wipe every tear from their eyes, and there will be no more death or sorrow or crying or pain. All these things are gone forever.” And the one sitting on the throne said, “Look, I am making everything new!” And then he said to me, “Write this down, for what I tell you is trustworthy and true.” And he also said, “It is finished! I am the Alpha and the Omega–the Beginning and the End. To all who are thirsty I will give freely from the springs of the water of life. All who are victorious will inherit all these blessings, and I will be their God, and they will be my children. (Revelation 21:4-7 NLTse).

When Israel was enslaved in Egypt, God remembered them and His covenant. He delivered His people Israel from the bondage of sin and told them He would make them His special treasure from among all the peoples on earth. God told them His people will be His kingdom of priests, His holy nation.

Every kingdom and nation has its set of rules, regulations and laws which govern them. God established laws for His Kingdom in ten simple commandments. Once Israel realized obtaining the promised land and receiving the role of priests came with responsibilities, they decided they did not want to speak to, or learn from God directly. They came up with their version of a plan asking Moses to stand between them and God. Israel gave up the opportunity of a life time to become an example to the world, a shining light of truth, to prove to the world what can be accomplished when people accept God as their one and only King and Ruler.

As a temporary measure God assigned the priesthood to only Aaron and his sons. God would always remind His people the path to His throne is always open to them. Although Israel placed a barrier between them and God, His plan of salvation removed that obstacle once and for all. By his death, Jesus opened a new and life-giving way through the curtain into the Most Holy Place. And since we have a great HighPriest who rules over God’s house, let us go right into the presence of God with sincere hearts fully trusting him. For our guilty consciences have been sprinkled with Christ’sblood to make us clean, and our bodies have been washed with pure water. (Hebrews 10:20-22 NLTse).

God also reminded Israel of the seventh day Sabbath. Not only a condition of His covenant, but a reminder the path to God’s throne has always been open. It was not God who erected barriers, it was a personal choice by some of His people to remain distant. The rest God honored at creation was to be remembered and honored by all His people. After God revealed His plan for His people to be a nation of priests, the Sabbath was not only to remind them about the personal relationship God wants with them, but to be a constant reminder of the role God has for them in His plan of salvation. We cannot question God’s timing. All we can do is reflect upon it and pray we learn the lessons so we don’t repeat the same mistakes.

In legal terms a covenant is an agreement between two parties. When considered as a legal contract between two parties, it cannot unilaterally be altered. Any changes must be agreed to by both parties. God had the perfect plan, but the history in the Bible shows His people trying to make short cuts. Sara tried a short cut. Why? Was it because she had little faith — or was it because she didn’t understand God’s plan? Its easy to see Rebecca did not understand the difference between the birthright in God’s plan and traditions they followed. And of course there was Jacob. He followed his eyes and what he thought was in his heart. Jacob did not understand the line Jesus was to come from or why. “Leah became pregnant and gave birth to another son. She named him Judah, for she said, ‘Now I will praise the LORD!’ And then she stopped having children.”‘ (Genesis 29:35 NLTse).

The definition of God’s covenant is different than the way the world understands it.

Covenant

H1285

beryth

ber-eeth’

From H1262 (in the sense of cutting (like H1254)); a compact (because made by passing between pieces of flesh): – confederacy, [con-]feder[-ate], covenant, league.

H1262

barah

baw-raw’

A primitive root; to select; also (as denominative from H1250) to feed; also (as equivalent to H1305) to render clear (Ecc_3:18): – choose, (cause to) eat, manifest, (give) meat.

H1305

barar

baw-rar’

A primitive root; to clarify (that is, brighten), examine, select: – make bright, choice, chosen, cleanse (be clean), clearly, polished, (shew self) pure (-ify), purge (out).

Once we follow the word covenant back to the root meaning, we see how God always planned to explain His plan. It was difficult for Abraham and his descendants to understand God’s plan without seeing it fulfilled. We have the advantage of looking at God’s plan seeing most of the details fulfilled in Jesus, and others clearly explained in the New Testament.

In addition to fulfilling term of the covenant, Jesus also continued to explain God’s plan of salvation. “He took a cup of wine and gave thanks to God for it. He gave it to them and said, ‘Each of you drink from it, for this is my blood, which confirms the covenant between God and his people. It is poured out as a sacrifice to forgive the sins of many. Mark my words–I will not drink wine again until the day I drink it new with you in my Father’s Kingdom.”‘ (Matthew 26:27-29 NLTse).

In the New Testament Jesus came to explain what many refer to as the old covenant. Jesus’ goal was to make it clear. With His blood, Jesus confirmed God’s covenant and began explaining how His life fulfilled events the spiritual symbols pointed to. It would take a book much larger than this to explain all if them, but here are a few directly related to God’s covenant given to Moses.

When Jesus died, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. (Mark 15:38 MKJV). This was another symbol to show the veil over Moses’ face was removed. God no longer wanted any other person between us and Him.

We are not like Moses, who put a veil over his face so the people of Israel would not see the glory, even though it was destined to fade away. But the people’s minds were hardened, and to this day whenever the old covenant is being read, the same veil covers their minds so they cannot understand the truth. And this veil can be removed only by believing in Christ. Yes, even today when they read Moses’ writings, their hearts are covered with that veil, and they do not understand. But whenever someone turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. For the Lord is the Spirit, and wherever the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. So all of us who have had that veil removed can see and reflect the glory of the Lord. And the Lord–who is the Spirit–makes us more and more like him as we are changed into his glorious image. And since we have a great HighPriest who rules over God’s house, let us go right into the presence of God with sincere hearts fully trusting him. For our guilty consciences have been sprinkled with Christ’sblood to make us clean, and our bodies have been washed with pure water. (2 Corinthians 3:13-18, Hebrews 10:21-22 NLTse).

Once the veil of misunderstanding has been removed by turning to Jesus and listening to God’s Spirit, Jesus has accomplished another part of His role in God’s plan of salvation. We can begin to see how the old covenant provided the terms, while the new covenant explained how the terms were fulfilled by Jesus.

Hebrews 8:6-13 NLTse But now Jesus, our HighPriest, has been given a ministry that is far superior to the old priesthood, for he is the one who mediates for us a far better covenant with God, based on better promises. (7) If the first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no need for a second covenant to replace it. (8) But when God found fault with the people, he said: “The day is coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel and Judah. (9) This covenant will not be like the one I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand and led them out of the land of Egypt. They did not remain faithful to my covenant, so I turned my back on them, says the LORD. (10) But this is the new covenant I will make with the people of Israel on that day, says the LORD: I will put my laws in their minds, and I will write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. (11) And they will not need to teach their neighbors, nor will they need to teach their relatives, saying, ‘You should know the LORD.’ For everyone, from the least to the greatest, will know me already. (12) And I will forgive their wickedness, and I will never again remember their sins.” (13) When God speaks of a “new” covenant, it means he has made the first one obsolete. It is now out of date and will soon disappear.

What is referred to the old covenant has been done away with, and at the same time restored in a new way. Part of the old covenant Jesus came to do away with was the misunderstanding. In the old covenant God told His people you will be my own special treasure from among all the peoples on earth; for all the earth belongs to me. And you will be my kingdom of priests, my holy nation. Israel turned down this portion of the covenant, but that never changed the terms of the covenant. God worked with them, explaining the terms over time, until Jesus could fulfill that portion of the promise and we could understand. When the time was right, the terms were repeated and made clear. You are a chosen people. You are royal priests, a holy nation, God’s very own possession. As a result, you can show others the goodness of God, for he called you out of the darkness into his wonderful light. “Once you had no identity as a people; now you are God’speople. Once you received no mercy; now you have received God’s mercy.” (1 Peter 2:9-10 NLTse). The role of priesthood has been restored to all of God’s people once and for all. We see a parallel when God restored the role of priest to the head of every household when the Passover was introduced before leaving Egypt. But this veil can be removed only by believing in Christ. Whenever someone turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. People who still choose to have someone stand between them and God don’t realize, Jesus died to reestablish a direst relationship between God and His people.

Of course Jesus came to do away with the sacrificial system in the Old Testament. This is also explained in the New Testament.

Hebrews 9:13-15 NLTse Under the old system, the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a young cow could cleanse people’s bodies from ceremonial impurity. (14) Just think how much more the blood of Christ will purify our consciences from sinful deeds so that we can worship the living God. For by the power of the eternal Spirit, Christ offered himself to God as a perfect sacrifice for our sins. (15) That is why he is the one who mediates a new covenant between God and people, so that all who are called can receive the eternal inheritance God has promised them. For Christ died to set them free from the penalty of the sins they had committed under that first covenant.

Hebrews 10:8-12 NLTse First, Christ said, “You did not want animal sacrifices or sin offerings or burnt offerings or other offerings for sin, nor were you pleased with them” (though they are required by the law of Moses). (9) Then he said, “Look, I have come to do your will.” He cancels the first covenant in order to put the second into effect. (10) For God’s will was for us to be made holy by the sacrifice of the body of JesusChrist, once for all time. (11) Under the old covenant, the priest stands and ministers before the altar day after day, offering the same sacrifices again and again, which can never take away sins. (12) But our High Priest offered himself to God as a single sacrifice for sins, good for all time. Then he sat down in the place of honor at God’s right hand.

The only portion of the Old Testament system Jesus took away was the animal sacrifices. When we look at the original translation of Hebrews 10 we find the word covenant was added to verses 9 and 11. Hebrews 9:13-15 explains these chapters are comparing the old system, not the covenant. Hebrews 10 also explains, animal sacrifices were a part of the law of Moses. When Christ died, He did away with the need for animal sacrifices, but never canceled the covenant between God and His people. That is why he is the one who mediates a new covenant between God and people, so that all who are called can receive the eternal inheritance God has promised them. For Christ died to set them free from the penalty of the sins they had committed under that first covenant.

As God’s covenant was revealed over time, one detail built upon another. God’s first promise was to never destroy the world by a flood again. This pointed directly to Jesus’ return. A key detail to keep in mind when learning about God’s covenant. Much later God continued to provide details about His covenant, this time with Abraham. First God promised Abraham land and later descendants. God also provided Abraham with a prophecy telling us when the next details would be added. Additional details were given to Moses, one of which was God’s desire to make Israel a kingdom of priests. God also added conditions, laws for His kingdom to follow, so they could be proper representatives for their King, and the Sabbath, a reminder of the special relationship they were to have with God.

Jesus came to not only fulfill the covenant, but to explain how and why He fulfilled each condition. He died to open the path to God’s throne as well as forgive sins. God’s covenant is His plan of salvation.
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