Leviticus 19:9-19 You Shall Not and The Connection With Jesus
Posted by adventbiblestudy on December 22, 2012
Leviticus 19:9-19 KJV And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly reap the corners of thy field, neither shalt thou gather the gleanings of thy harvest. (10) And thou shalt not glean thy vineyard, neither shalt thou gather every grape of thy vineyard; thou shalt leave them for the poor and stranger: I am the LORD your God. (11) Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another. (12) And ye shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the LORD. (13) Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbour, neither rob him: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning. (14) Thou shalt not curse the deaf, nor put a stumbling block before the blind, but shalt fear thy God: I am the LORD. (15) Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honour the person of the mighty: but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour. (16) Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people: neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbour: I am the LORD. (17) Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him. (18) Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD. (19) Ye shall keep my statutes. Thou shalt not let thy cattle gender with a diverse kind: thou shalt not sow thy field with mingled seed: neither shall a garment mingled of linen and woollen come upon thee.
What do you see in these texts? A lot of, “ye shall not?” What do they mean to you? Does freedom of choice out weight God’s commandments? Any of them? All of then except the ten commandments? Does the world’s popular belief eventually out vote God’s law?
Maybe you see more in these texts than most people do. Maybe your mind is being drawn to something in the New Testament? Do you have any ideas how or where these texts are repeated and explained in the New Testament?
Soon after Jesus began His ministry large crowds began to follow Him. The Holy Spirit worked on hearts for years, even generations. Many families handed down stories of a compassionate, loving God, not looking down from Heaven as a spectator, but living among His people. They told the stories of God delivering His people from a life of bandage in Egypt. How God traveled with them day and night in the form of a pillar of fire and a cloud, seeing to their every need. He gave them food when they hungered, water when they thirsted. God always gave them more than they needed.
Many in Israel accepted their freedom, but forgot God. Knowing they had little experience in social matters, organization and governing, God gave Israel His ten commandments along with a series of civil and moral laws.
The Spirit prepared hearts with stories of David as a young boy, and a fugitive, a widow ready to die before meeting a prophet, Daniel in a lions den, and many more showing God has always been with His people.
When people heard stories of a man healing with power, and sharing stories about God they never heard, they put everything on hold to see Him talk. Something inside told them this man was special.
As people climbed the mountain, they found Jesus sitting on a huge rock, His disciples seated around him. Everyone who came easily found a spot to sit where they could see the new Teacher and easily hear His words.
Jesus began His ministry on a mountain to explain the laws and commandments given to the world when Moses went up on a mountain to receive them. Before personally telling Israel the ten commandments, God told them His plans. “Now if you will obey me and keep my covenant, you will be my own special treasure from among all the peoples on earth; for all the earth belongs to me. And you will be my kingdom of priests, my holy nation.’ This is the message you must give to the people of Israel.” (Exodus 19:5-6 NLTse). After they heard God speak, they gave their answer. And they said to Moses, “You speak to us, and we will listen. But don’t let God speak directly to us, or we will die!” (Exodus 20:19 NLTse). Jesus came to restore the relationship with God, Israel turned down on Mount Sinai. Evidence of that fact is found when we compare Leviticus 19 to Jesus’ sermon on the mountain. Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. Matthew 5:17 KJV.
Following is a list comparing Leviticus 19 to Matthew 5 and 7.
Leviticus 19:9-10 KJV And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly reap the corners of thy field, neither shalt thou gather the gleanings of thy harvest. (10) And thou shalt not glean thy vineyard, neither shalt thou gather every grape of thy vineyard; thou shalt leave them for the poor and stranger: I am the LORD your God.
Matthew 5:6 KJV Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.
Leviticus 19 introduces a spiritual lesson, helping others. Jesus explains the spiritual application. Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 5:3 KJV). The poor in spirit search for the spiritual food to satisfy the hunger in their soul. They know there is a better way to live, a path to true love, joy and happiness, sometimes not easy to find in this world. It can be much like gleaning a field.
Leviticus 19:13 KJV Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbour, neither rob him: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.
Matthew 5:43-46 KJV Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy. (44) But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you; (45) That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust. (46) For if ye love them which love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same?
Jesus goes beyond treating neighbors like you should. He goes beyond loving your neighbor. Jesus also taught us to love our enemies by not giving into the temptations of the enemy. Jesus illustrated this lesson when He reached out to the people He knew were plotting to kill him. He prayed for them as He hung on the cross. He died for them, opening up a path to Heaven they could accept at any time. For God’s will was for us to be made holy by the sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ, once for all time. (Hebrews 10:10 NLTse).
Leviticus 19:14 KJV Thou shalt not curse the deaf, nor put a stumbling block before the blind, but shalt fear thy God: I am the LORD.
Matthew 5:10-11 KJV Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness’ sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.
Was God referring to only physically deaf and blind people when He handed His laws down to Moses, or is there a spiritual application? Was Jesus referring to blessings on spiritually persecuted deaf and blind people? When we look at these texts together we see the condition of many churches today. They dedicate themselves to separating from the world in an effort to give God what they consider a better offering. In the process they spend their time teaching members what makes them different. They review doctrine in an endless effort to convince themselves they are following the right path. With a sense of pride they point out how their doctrines differ from other Christians. They convince their members practicing doctrine is what makes them fit to receive salvation. They come just short of claiming their doctrines are what saves them. They imply it, but will not say it. They curse everyone who will not listen and accept every article of their belief. They claim the world is blind and build walls of hate and prejudice to keep other Christians, and those searching for Christ out. They teach members the same hate and bigotry they practice. “What sorrow awaits you teachers of religious law and you Pharisees. Hypocrites! For you cross land and sea to make one convert, and then you turn that person into twice the child of hell you yourselves are! (Matthew 23:15 NLTse).
Is this what Jesus wanted? Did Jesus want His followers to build walls then claim they are being persecuted? When we look back a few verses we see what Jesus taught and how it applies to the blessings He promised.
Matthew 5:3 NLTse “God blesses those who are poor and realize their need for him, for the Kingdom of Heaven is theirs.
How do we realize we are poor? What are we poor in? Who do we have a need for? Where do we obtain this hope? Do we place our hope in man, wealth, ourselves? Our only hope is in God and His Son, Jesus. In God’s eyes we are all poor. Verses 4-10 show us what qualities Christians, especially leaders should possess.
those who mourn
those who are humble
those who hunger and thirst for justice
those who are merciful
those whose hearts are pure
those who work for peace
those who are persecuted for doing right
Jesus tells us what we need to do. Seek the Kingdom of God above all else, and live righteously, and he will give you everything you need. (Matthew 6:33 NLTse). None of His followers should persecute one another in any way, shape or form. This is not what Jesus taught. Persecution was not a part of Jesus’ explanation of God’s law. We have to remember who God gave His laws to. Israel was a group of slaves recently set free from a life of bondage. Before Jesus led them out of Egypt, they were told, what to eat and drink. When to work, eat, drink, sleep, and worship. They had no experience leading, governing, or organizing. Their only skills consisted of the work they were forced to do their entire lives. Moses was the only Israelite who knew a life outside of slavery. There was little any of them could offer God beyond their lives. Little has changed in the people God calls today.
Leviticus 19:15-16 Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honour the person of the mighty: but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour. (16) Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people: neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbour: I am the LORD.
Matthew 7:1-2 KJV Judge not, that ye be not judged. (2) For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again.
Leviticus offers guidance on civil judgment, something Israel needed at the time. Jesus came to teach spiritual judgment, something few people tale time to consider. Where are you on your personal walk with God? Does reaching one level give you the right to look down and judge others?
I have seen a number of spiritual judgments taking place when people claim they gather to honor and worship God. They condemn the world by claiming they are the physical 144,000 saved at the end of the world, or call themselves a remnant, separated by God from the world. I don’t understand how they cannot see this as a form of judgment. As far as they are concerned, the world has been judged with them as the only winners. This has happened in every age since Christ. One group finds a different way to worship, separates from the original group, then pride begins to take over. Instead of reaching out to learn more and grow in the new light given, they prefer to dwell on the past, looking for faults in the establishment they left. They apply errors made by individual leaders to all its members. They blind themselves and their members to the fact, all organizations are made up of individuals, all spiritually growing at their own pace, their own path with God. Religious leaders like to teach one religious level, the one they are on, and judge the world according to it.
Was Jesus teaching any form of spiritual judgment? Jesus tells not to judge. Previous texts show us the only way we can apply this is on a spiritual level. Seek the Kingdom of God above all else, and live righteously, and he will give you everything you need. (Matthew 6:33 NLTse). Where are people on their spiritual walk as they seek God? What is the Holy Spirit doing for those not seeking God? No matter what level we are on, we will never be perfect in God’s eyes. We cannot judge people on things we do not know or understand. We have no power to see a heart like God can. We cannot change a heart like God can. We don’t know what others are asking of God. We don’t know half the trials anyone is facing. When we judge people we are trying to be like God. That is Satan’s claim. “God knows that your eyes will be opened as soon as you eat it, and you will be like God, knowing both good and evil.” (Genesis 3:5 NLTse). God tells us how to judge in civil situations. Jesus tells us not to judge on a spiritual level. Only Satan is foolish enough to promise the knowledge to judge.
Leviticus 19:17-18 Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him. (18) Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD.
Matthew 5:21-22 KJV Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment: (22) But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brotherwithout a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.
Leviticus establishes a close link between a brother and neighbor while its parallel in Matthew compares anger directed at a brother to death, judgment and hell fire. Why would one establish a relationship while the other expresses a severe warning? We see the answer provided in other portions of scripture. When asked, Jesus relied; “Anyone who does God’s will is my brother and sister and mother.” (Mark 3:35 NLTse). Which makes it easy to see hating anyone is as bad as hating your brother.
We find the term, “thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself,” found in both Leviticus and Matthew. One of the major links between the two chapters. One of the major links between the Old and New Testament. A message found throughout the pages of the Bible and plan of salvation. One we cannot miss, but may be the most difficult to learn and apply.
Leviticus 19:19 Ye shall keep my statutes. Thou shalt not let thy cattle gender with a diverse kind: thou shalt not sow thy field with mingled seed: neither shall a garment mingled of linen and woollen come upon thee.
Matthew 5:19 KJV Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
Jesus centered His sermon on the law. He came not only to teach the law, but to reveal its true meaning. Jesus also died to do what we could never do, keep God’s law, which is an intricate part of God’s plan of salvation. Long ago God spoke many times and in many ways to our ancestors through the prophets. And now in these final days, he has spoken to us through his Son. God promised everything to the Son as an inheritance, and through the Son he created the universe. The Son radiates God’s own glory and expresses the very character of God, and he sustains everything by the mighty power of his command. When he had cleansed us from our sins, he sat down in the place of honor at the right hand of the majestic God in heaven. (Hebrews 1:1-3 NLTse).
Jesus showed the love in God’s law in sermons He preached, parables he taught, the life He led, all the miracles He performed. Jesus taught His disciples to separate the concepts of the world from what the Spirit is offering to teach. Leviticus 19 contains some of the most difficult spiritual lessons to comprehend. Men have tried to provide interpretations for hundreds of years without success. Even today, many people try to guess at their spiritual meanings based on their own wisdom. Jesus came not only to explain the law, but to reestablish our relationship with God. And since we have a great High Priest who rules over God’s house, let us go right into thepresence of God with sincere hearts fully trusting him. For our guilty consciences have been sprinkled with Christ’s blood to make us clean, and our bodies have been washed with pure water. (Hebrews 10:21-22 NLTse). Only when we stand in the presence of God and accept the guidance of the Holy Spirit Jesus sends can we hope to learn the spiritual meaning of these mysteries. By learning them we begin to understand the connection between God’s law and our personal relationship with Him.
Thou shalt not let thy cattle gender with a diverse kind:
This lesson is very easy to see in the physical sense. If a working animal is breed with one raised for it’s coat, milk, or meat, how will one teach the other how to survive? Can a sheep teach an ox to pull a plow? Can an ox teach a sheep how to survive in the wilderness? If an animal such as sheep, prized for its coat was mixed with a donkey, what would be the result? A useless coat suitable for nothing.
Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness? (2 Corinthians 6:14 KJV).
When a believer marries a nonbeliever, who do the children follow? Will they follow the easy path of the nonbeliever, or the uphill struggle of the believer. Will they become their own mixed blend between the Heavenly and the world? Satan loves compromise, he thrives on it. When believers and nonbelievers compromise with one another, does the nonbeliever really draw closer to God? Hasn’t the believer already joined with the beliefs of the world thinking they have the power and influence to change a heart? They feel because they can touch a heart, they can change it. Such are the beliefs of the world, taught at a very young age in fairy tales and cartoons which appear innocent, but are designed to draw the mind away from God’s love into a dependence on the love of the world. What happens when a child is raised to rely on both the world and God?
Thou shalt not sow thy field with mingled seed.
This is also easy to understand in the physical sense. How do you harvest a field sown with wheat and corn? Or corn and squash? This is especially true today with mechanized machines specially built to harvest one particular crop. Can you envision the results of a machine harvesting corn in a field mingled with pumpkins? It would create a mess. Mingling seed in a field would drastically increase labor.
What about the spiritual field and harvest? But while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way. (Matthew 13:25 KJV). The enemy sows different seed in a field, intentionally making the harvest labor intensive. Notice after the enemy sows his own seed, he leaves. He doesn’t stay for the harvest. Once his job is done, the destruction is complete, he leaves. Why serve an absent master bent on destruction and chaos?
Neither shall a garment mingled of linen and woollen come upon thee.
This law makes little sense today. Most every fabric is manufactured from a blend of natural and synthetic material. Wool, linen rayon, polyester, and a number of other materials are commonly blended in today’s clothing. In most cases blends offer benefits. Less shrinkage, longer wear, more strength, and less wrinkles. Since this seems to make little physical sense, it must have a spiritual meaning.
No man putteth a piece of new cloth unto an old garment, for that which is put in to fill it up taketh from the garment, and the rent is made worse. (Matthew 9:16 KJV).
Jesus does not mention the use of different material other than old and new cloth. But, wouldn’t it tear even more if a new piece of wool was used on a linen garment? We can understand the lesson when we learn what the Bible uses a garment to represent.
Isaiah 61:10 KJV I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels.
Isaiah shows us garments represent salvation and a robe is used to represent righteousness. Isaiah 61:10 is not the only verse that contains the words salvation and righteousness. Paul explains exactly how we obtain these gifts in his letter to the Romans.
Romans 10:8-13 KJV But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach; (9) That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. (10) For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. (11) For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed. (12) For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. (13) For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.
Paul actually sums up the entire lesson taught in Leviticus 19 and Matthew 5, “The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach;” All of these lessons point to Jesus and the salvation He offers. Jesus gives all the glory to His Father. We know little about how we should treat one another, but the Holy Spirit takes what we know, and teaches us how to expound upon it so we can understand God’s love through His law. “Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God. And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.” (Romans 8:26-28 KJV). This goes for all of God’s people, all His creation. It doesn’t matter what faith they are, what name each group chose to place upon themselves, and especially not the preconceived ideas and brands some people like to place upon faiths a little different than their own. Jews and Greeks differed in many more ways than the hundreds of Christian faiths we see today. God established His church by calling Jews and Greeks together, and believe it or not, they came together under one name, Jesus, to form a church the gates of hell could not prevail against. History has shown, the struggle was never an easy one, but God has always been there, “the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.” (Proverbs 4:18 KJV).