Fig Tree Luke 13
Posted by adventbiblestudy on July 17, 2009
6. He spake also this parable; a certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and found none.
7. Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground?
8. And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it:
9. And if it bear fruit, well: and if not, then after that thou shalt cut it down.
In this parable Jesus is telling about a man who had planted a fig tree in his vineyard. It must have taken some time for this tree to grow. When it was mature the man came to inspect for fruit. The fig tree was not producing fruit. He said to his worker, “I have been checking this tree for fruit three years but it will not produce. Cut it down, it is taking up valuable space.” The worker answered, “Lord, give the tree one more year, I will dig around it and fertilize it. If it produces fruit, fine, if not I will cut it down.”
Tree, vineyard and fruit are among the key words this parable contains. Each of these key words will be compared to texts containing the key word to find the spiritual meaning.Tree
KJV Proverbs 11:30. The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life; and he that winneth souls is wise.
KJV Isaiah 61:3. To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that he might be glorified.
We can easily see trees are used to symbolize people.
Tree = peopleVineyard
KJV Isaiah 1:8. And the daughter of Zion is left as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.
KJV Isaiah 5:1. Now will I sing to my wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill: 2. And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes. 3. And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard. 4. What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes? 5. And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down: 6. And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it. 7. For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.
A vineyard is used to represent Zion and the house of Israel, God’s people.
Vineyard = God’s people.
KJV Proverbs 8:19-20
19. My fruit is better than gold, yea, than fine gold; and my revenue than choice silver. 20. I lead in the way of righteousness, in the midst of the paths of judgment:
KJV Proverbs 11:30
30. The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life; and he that winneth souls is wise.
KJV Proverbs 18:20
20. A man’s belly shall be satisfied with the fruit of his mouth; and with the increase of his lips shall he be filled.
KJV Jeremiah 17:10
10. I the Lord search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings.
KJV Jeremiah 21:14
14. But I will punish you according to the fruit of your doings, saith the Lord: and I will kindle a fire in the forest thereof, and it shall devour all things round about it.
KJV Jeremiah 32:19
19. Great in counsel, and mighty in work: for thine eyes are open upon all the ways of the sons of men: to give every one according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings:
KJV 1 Corinthians 15:20
20. But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.
KJV 1 Corinthians 15:23
23. But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.
KJV James 1:18
18. Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.
Fruit is described as a person’s, “doings,” which we commonly call works or accomplishments. It is the acts and manners of a person. It is how a person treats others.
Christ is the firstfruit of all those that will be raised from the dead to live in Christ’s kingdom. Christ is the only person to live a sinless life to fulfill the law. His sacrifice by Satan and his followers granted salvation for this world. By His sacrifice Christ became redemption for this world.
Fruit = works or a way of life, accomplishments.
It is much easier to paraphrase the text once a chart of the key words with their spiritual meaning is assembled.
Tree = people
Vineyard = God’s people.
Fruit = works or a way of life.
Jesus spoke this parable. A certain man had people planted among God’s people; and he came to see if their works were prospering, they had nothing to show. Then he said to a worker among God’s people, “these three years I have come seeking results from these people, and have found none. Cut them down, why do they take up space?” The worker answered, “Lord, let them alone this year also, I will do what I can. If their works produce results, it is well; if not I will cut them down.